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Workshop


FNCA 2001 WORKSHOP ON BIOFERTILIZER

Workshop-FNCA2001
Plant Mutation Breeding and Biofertilizer Discussed Together


written by Dr. Siranut Lamseeja 
 
Prof. Dr. Siranut Lamseejan
Head, Gamma Irradiation Service and Nuclear Technology Research Center (GISC), Kasetsart University
 
 

Opening Ceremony at the Workshop
The 2001 FNCA workshop on the Application of Radioisotopes and Radiation for Agriculture Use was held from August 20-24, Bangkok, Thailand. The Workshop sponsored by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT), the Kasetsart University (KU), the Office of Atomic Energy for Peace (OAEP), and Department of Agriculture (DOA) acted as local host and the organizer with the cooperation of Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (JAERI) about the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF) of Japan, the Japan Atomic Industrial Forum(JAIF) as the coordinator.
Fifty one people from eight countries i.e. Japan, China, Indonesia, Korea, Japan, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam attended the Workshop. The Workshop consisted of two main aspects plant mutation breeding and biofertilizer.
 
Plant mutation breeding
Eleven papers including three invited papers were presented. The important topics presented and discussed comprise the following - molecular biological techniques, screening rice starch mutants, biotechnological approach in crop improvement, molecular techniques in orchid mutagenesis, induced mutation and marker assisted breeding techniques, rice gene discovery, molecular detection of variation in horticultural crops, in vitro acute and chronic irradiation in chrysanthemum.
Round table discussion on regional cooperation, review and discussion of past activities and application of radioisotopes for agriculture was conducted. Exchange of opinions among participants on further regional cooperation in the field of plant mutation breeding was actively encouraged.
The Phase II activities were summarized as follows :
The draft of regional cooperation plan on application of radiation and radioisotopes for agriculture will be incorporated into the Third Coordinators Meeting to be held in Japan in 2002. Summary of Phase II activities was presented by each participating country.
Mutation Breeding Database will be published on FNCA homepage. The final draft of the Mutation Breeding Manual will be submitted at the next Workshop.
Mutation Stock Repository was successfully initiated by Thailand and the Philippines.
The basic theme for Phase III was agreed to be entitled "Technique on Reproductive Pattern". The topic for the next Workshop is "vegetatively propagated crops and radiation breeding" which will be held in China in September 2002.
The Phase III activities were proposed as follows :
The basic theme will be divided into three sub-themes, i.e., vegetatively propagated crops (2002), root crops (2003) and clonally propagated crops (2004).
The multilateral research program will be comprised of draught tolerance in sorghum, sugar cane and soybean (2002 onward), and three other topics were also discussed.
Biofertilizer
Invited lectures from Thailand and Japan together with country reports from participating countries were presented and discussed.
The highlight of lectures and the presented papers dealt with rhizobium inoculation of red kidney bean, biofertilizer production and utilization, symbiotic nitrogen fixation in leguminous plants and the genetic discovery of Bradyrhizobium in soybean. A project with the goal to increase crop production in Asia by the efficient use of rhizobia for sustainable agriculture was formulated. In addition, proposals and implementation schedule were discussed and planned which include selection of effective microorganism (2002), improvement of inoculant (2003), improvement of soil microbial activities (2004), field trial (2005) and economic analysis (2006).
The venue for the next meeting was suggested to be held in China. The publication of a newsletter was agreed and the Japanese secretariat of the biofertilizer project was assigned as editor.
Concluding remarks by the 2001 FNCA Workshop was that the Philippines will be the host for the 2003 FNCA Workshop on plant mutation breeding and biofertilizer.
Participants visits to the Gamma Irradiation Service and Nuclear Technology Research Center at the Kasetsart University
 

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