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Mutation Breeding workshop

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Workshop

FNCA 2017 Mutation Breeding Project Workshop

Report of
FNCA 2017 Workshop on Mutation Breeding Project

October 31st - November 3rd, 2017
Jeju, Korea


Outline of Workshop

ⅰ) Date: October 31st - November 3rd, 2017
ⅱ) Venue: Workshop: Ocean Suites Hotel, Jeju, Korea
International Symposium: Jeju National University, Korea
ⅲ) Host

Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT)
Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI)
Korean Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation (KONICOF)

ⅳ) Participants:

Total of 17 participants from 9 countries, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, The Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam and IAEA/RCA


Group Photo

Opening Session

Mr. Jin-Seon Park, Director General of Korean Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation (KONICOF) delivered welcoming remarks. Then Mr. Shoji Kasuga, Researcher of International Nuclear Cooperation Division, Research and Development Bureau, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan and Dr. Hideki Namba, FNCA Advisor of Japan gave an opening speech respectively.

Overview Lectures
Mr. Kasuga introduced MEXT programs on international nuclear cooperation and contribution to Asian countries. Dr. Namba reviewed FNCA activities in 2016-2017 and major successful results obtained. Then Prof. Hirokazu Nakai, FNCA Mutation Breeding Project Leader of Japan briefly described the purpose of FNCA Mutation Breeding, the history of the sub-projects completed and the main issues to be discussed in the present workshop. He also introduced main results obtained in the present sub-project from every country.

Photo of the Workshop
Photo of Mr Kasuga and Mr Park

Follow-up on Sub-project on Sorghum & Soybean, and Banana
Dr. Sobrizal from Indonesia presented about Sorghum & Soybean mutation breeding and Ms. Ana Maria Veluz of the Philippines presented new results of mutation breeding in banana.

Country Report on Application of Mutation Breeding of Rice for Sustainable Agriculture
Nine member countries presented progress and activity plan on the application of mutation breeding of rice for sustainable agriculture.

Rice for Sustainable Agriculture
Prof. Nakai gave a lead speech. After the discussion along with the speech, it was agreed that most of member countries created new mutant varieties with high yield and contributed to sustainable agriculture. Moreover, the several varieties have already been in practical use and showed high economic impacts. Thus, there is no question about having achieved success of this 5-year project of mutation breeding. It is recognized that this success would consist of new technologies established, such as 1) Ion beam irradiation, 2) Utilization of crossing of mutated line with good local varieties, 3) M1 screening of ion-beam induced mutants (scientific elucidation should be necessary), and 4) High throughput screening method such as in case of drought tolerance.

Round Table Discussion for New Phase from 2018
It was discussed on the future prospect of FNCA Mutation Breeding Project in view of the results of the terminated and present sub-projects. Low input sustainable agriculture was confirmed to be the most important theme in the future under dramatic climate change. Especially, low input with high yield of major crop might be the main objective to attain sustainable agriculture. Consequently, title of the next sub-project "Mutation Breeding of Major Crops for Low-input Sustainable Agriculture under Climate Change" was decided. It was confirmed that in performing the breeding purpose, every participant country could choose different target of major crops including rice.

Cooperation with IAEA/RCA
Prof. Luxiang Liu introduced the function of RCA and main achievements of global plant mutation breeding with the emphasis on progress review of the ongoing RCA Project RAS5077 commencing 2017-2020, which will be focusing on promoting mutation techniques and related biotechnologies for the development of green crop varieties with 20 member states. The future collaboration in terms of ways and the activities including mutation breeding between FNCA and RCA project was discussed.

International Symposium
On November 2, FNCA-KSRI-KAERI Joint International Symposium on "Application of Radiation Technology and Mutation Breeding for Sustainable Agriculture" was co-organized by FNCA, Korean Society of Radiation Industry (KSRI) and Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) in Ara Convention Hall of Jeju National University, with 50 participants from related institutes, companies, and universities. It consisted of two sections. At the section 1) Main Achievements of Mutation Breeding in Asian Countries, Prof. Nakai introduced main achievement and future prospect of FNCA Mutation Breeding Project, and representatives from four member countries outlined achievement of mutation breeding research in each country, including achievement of FNCA activities. At the section 2) New Technology and Challenge, four special lecturers from Korea, China and Japan delivered special lectures on new technology and challenge of mutation breeding research for sustainable agriculture.

Gr 2oup Photo
Photo of the Open Seminar

Minutes and Closing Session
The minutes were discussed and agreed by all participants. It will be reported at the 19th Coordinators Meeting to be held in March 2018 in Japan. Dr. Si-Yong Kang, FNCA Project Leader of Korea and Dr. Namba delivered closing remarks and thanked all participants for their efforts and contribution.

Technical Visit
Participants visited Institute for Nuclear Science & Technology and Sub-tropical Horticulture Research Center of Jeju National University on November 2, and Citrus Research Institute of RDA on November 3.

”Photo of the Technical Visit 1
”Photo of the Technical Visit 2

Minutes of
FNCA 2017 Workshop on Mutation Breeding Project

October 31st - November 3rd, 2017
Jeju, Korea


1) Outline of workshop

ⅰ) Date October 31st - November 3rd, 2017
ⅱ) Venue Workshop: Ocean Suites Hotel, Jeju, Korea
International Symposium: Jeju National University, Korea
ⅲ) Host Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT)
Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI)
Korean Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation (KONICOF)
ⅳ) Participants Total of 17 participants from 9 countries, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, The Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam and IAEA/RCA (Annex 2)
ⅴ) Program Annex 1

Opening Session
Mr. Jin-Seon Park, Director General of Korean Nuclear International Cooperation Foundation (KONICOF) delivered welcoming remarks. Then Mr. Shoji Kasuga, Researcher of International Nuclear Cooperation Division, Research and Development Bureau, Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan and Dr. Hideki Namba, FNCA Advisor of Japan gave an opening speech respectively.

Overview Lectures
Mr. Kasuga introduced MEXT programs on international nuclear cooperation and contribution to Asian countries. Dr. Namba reviewed FNCA activities in 2016-2017 and major successful results obtained. Then Prof. Hirokazu Nakai, FNCA Mutation Breeding Project Leader of Japan briefly described the purpose of FNCA Mutation Breeding, the history of the sub-projects completed and the main issues to be discussed in the present workshop. He also introduced main results obtained in the present sub-project from every country.

Session 1 Follow-up on Sub-project on Sorghum & Soybean, and Banana
Dr. Sobrizal from Indonesia presented about Sorghum & Soybean mutation breeding. In case of sorghum three promising mutant lines are selected and applied for release as new variety called G5, G7 and G8. All three advance mutant lines showed high yield and high biomass production both in drought and rainy seasons. On the other hand 12 early mature advance mutation lines of soybean are in multi-location trial for further experiment to register as new variety. One mutant variety of soybean named Mutiara-1 is selected for seed production to increase the food security of the country, now seed production area is about 15 ha.
Ms. Ana Maria Veluz of the Philippines presented new results of mutation breeding in banana. Five intermediate mutant lines resistant to banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) from Lakatan variety, a desert banana were selected to do multi-location test in farmers' field for the objective of reducing losses due to BBTV and later applied for registration as new mutant variety. This is good achievement to develop disease resistant banana against BBTV.
The summary for each presentation is attached as Annex 3.

Session 2 Country Report on Application of Mutation Breeding of Rice for Sustainable Agriculture
Nine member countries presented progress and activity plan on the application of mutation breeding of rice for sustainable agriculture. The summary for each presentation is attached as Annex 3.

Session 3 Summary and Evaluation of on Mutation Breeding of Rice for Sustainable Agriculture
Prof. Nakai gave a lead speech. After the discussion along with the speech, it was agreed that most of member countries created new mutant varieties with high yield and contributed to sustainable agriculture. Moreover, the several varieties have already been in practical use and showed high economic impacts. Thus, there is no question about having achieved success of this 5-year project of mutation breeding. It is recognized that this success would consist of new technologies established, such as 1) Ion beam irradiation, 2) Utilization of crossing of mutated line with good local varieties, 3) M1 screening of ion-beam induced mutants (scientific elucidation should be necessary), and 4) High throughput screening method such as in case of drought tolerance.

Session 4 Round Table Discussion for New Phase from 2018
It was discussed on the future prospect of FNCA Mutation Breeding Project in view of the results of the terminated and present sub-projects. Low input sustainable agriculture was confirmed to be the most important theme in the future under dramatic climate change. Especially, low input with high yield of major crop might be the main objective to attain sustainable agriculture. Consequently, title of the next sub-project "Mutation Breeding of Major Crops for Low-input Sustainable Agriculture under Climate Change" was decided. It was confirmed that in performing the breeding purpose, every participant country could choose different target of major crops including rice.

Session 5 Cooperation with IAEA/RCA
Prof. Luxiang Liu introduced the function of RCA and main achievements of global plant mutation breeding with the emphasis on progress review of the ongoing RCA Project RAS5077 commencing 2017-2020, which will be focusing on promoting mutation techniques and related biotechnologies for the development of green crop varieties with 20 member states. The ultimate goal of this project is to develop new types of crop varieties that possess fine quality, high yield, resistance to biotic and abiotic stress and use less agriculture inputs. He also announced that the International Symposium on Plant Mutation Breeding and Biotechnology would take place in Vienna, Austria, from 27 to 31 August 2018. He invited crop mutation breeders from FNCA countries to participate in this great event. The future collaboration in terms of ways and the activities including mutation breeding between FNCA and RCA project was discussed.

International Symposium
On November 2, FNCA-KSRI-KAERI Joint International Symposium on "Application of Radiation Technology and Mutation Breeding for Sustainable Agriculture" was co-organized by FNCA, Korean Society of Radiation Industry (KSRI) and Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI) in Ara Convention Hall of Jeju National University, with 50 participants from related institutes, companies, and universities. It consisted of two sections. At the section 1) Main Achievements of Mutation Breeding in Asian Countries, Prof. Nakai introduced main achievement and future prospect of FNCA Mutation Breeding Project, and representatives from four countries namely Bangladesh, Vietnam, Malaysia and Korea outlined achievement of mutation breeding research in each country, including achievement of FNCA activities. At the section 2) New Technology and Challenge, four special lecturers from Korea, China and Japan delivered special lectures on new technology and challenge of mutation breeding research for sustainable agriculture.

Minutes and Closing Session
The minutes were discussed and agreed by all participants. It will be reported at the 19th Coordinators Meeting to be held in March 2018 in Japan. Dr. Si-Yong Kang, FNCA Project Leader of Korea and Dr. Namba delivered closing remarks and thanked all participants for their efforts and contribution.

2) Technical Visit
Participants visited Institute for Nuclear Science & Technology and Sub-tropical Horticulture Research Center of Jeju National University on November 2, and Citrus Research Institute of RDA on November 3.

3) Attachments
Annex 1  Program
Annex 2  List of Participants
Annex 3  Session Summary


Program of
FNCA 2017 Workshop on Mutation Breeding Project

October 31st - November 3rd, 2017
Jeju, Korea


Tuesday, October 31st, 2017 (Day 1st)

09:00 – 10:15 Opening Session
Chair: Dr. Si-Yong Kang, Korea
1. Welcoming Remarks
1) Mr Jin-Seon Park, Direct General, KONICOF, Korea
2) Mr Shoji Kasuga, MEXT, Japan
3) Dr. Hideki Namba, FNCA Advisor of Japan
2. Overview Lectures(20min. including Q/A)
1) International Nuclear Cooperation and Contribution for Asian Countries
  Mr. Shoji Kasuga, MEXT
2) Overview and progress of FNCA activities in 2016-2017
  Dr. Hideki Namba, FNCA Advisor of Japan
3) Outline of FNCA Mutation Breeding Project and purpose of the workshop
  Prof. Hirokazu Nakai, FNCA Mutation Project Leader of Japan
3. Introduction of Participants
4. Confirmation of Agenda
10:30 – 10:45 Group Photo and Break
10:45 – 12:00 Session 1 Follow up of Sub-projects on Sorghum & Soybean and Banana
(Presentation: 20 min, Q/A: 5min)
Chair: Dr. A N K Mamun, Bangladesh
1. Sub-project on Drought Tolerance in Sorghum and Soybean
  Dr. Sobrizal, Indonesia
2. Sub-project on Disease Resistance in Banana
  Ms. Ana Maria Veluz, the Philippines
3. Summary
12:00 – 13:15 Lunch Break
13:15 – 15:00 Session 2 Country Report(Presentation: 25min, Q/A: 10min)
Chair: Prof. Huy Ham Le, Vietnam
1. Bangladesh
2. China
3. Indonesia
15:00 – 15:15 Break
15:15 – 16:25 Cont. of Session 2 Country Report(Presentation: 25min, Q/A: 10min)
Chair: Dr. Kanchana Klakhaeng, Thailand
4. Japan
5. Korea

Wednesday, November 1st, 2017 (Day 2nd)

09:00 – 10:15 Cont. of Session 2Country Report (Presentation: 25min, Q/A: 10min)
Chair: Dr Jianzhong Huang, China
6. Malaysia
7. The Philiippines
10:15 – 10:30 Break
10:30 – 11:40 Cont. of Session 2 Country Report (Presentation: 25min, Q/A: 10min)
Chair: Dr. Sobrizal, Indonesia
8. Thailand
9. Vietnam
11:40 – 13:30 Lunch Break
13:30 – 15:00 Session 3 Summary and Evaluation of on Mutation Breeding of Rice for Sustainable Agriculture
Chair : Dr. Atsushi Tanaka, Japan
1. Lead speech
  Prof. Hirokazu Nakai, Japan
2. Discussion
3. Summary
15:00 – 15:15 Break
15:15 – 16:45 Session 4 Round Table Discussion for New Phase from 2018
Chair : Prof. Hirokazu Nakai, Japan
1. Lead speech
  Dr. Atsushi Tanaka, Japan
2. Discussion
3. Summary

Thursday, November 2nd, 2017 (Day 3rd)

FNCA-KSRI-KAERI Joint International Symposium on
"Application of Radiation Technology and Mutation Breeding
for Sustainable Agriculture",
Ara Convetion Hall, Jeju National University
Chair: Dr. Joon-Woo Ahn, KAERI
08:45 – 09:00 Resistration
09:00 – 09:10 Opening Remarks
  1) Dr. Gyuseong Cho, President of KSRI, Korea
  2) Mr. Shoji Kasuga, MEXT, Japan
Section 1. Main Achievements of Mutation breeding in Asian Countries
(Presentation: 25min, Q/A: 5min) (Mainly on the FNCA activities)
Chair: Dr. Si-Yong Kang, KAERI
09:10 – 09:40 Review of (sub)projects and future prospect
  Prof. Hirokazu Nakai, Japan
09:40 – 10:10 Mutation breeding research in Bangladesh
  Dr. A N K Mamun, BAEC, Bangladesh
10:10 – 10:30 Break
10:30 – 11:00 Status of Mutation breeding in Vietnam
  Dr. Huy Ham Le, AGI, Vietnam
11:00 – 11:30 Mutation breeding in Malaysia
  Dr. Sobri Bin Hussein, Malaysia
11:30 – 12:00 Current status of Mutation breeding in Korea
  Dr. Soonjae Kwon, Korea
12:00 – 13:30 Lunch Break
Section 2. New Technology and Challenge
(Presentation: 25min, Q/A: 5min)
Chair: Chair: Dr. Geung-Joo Lee, Chungnam Univ.
13:30 – 14:00 Industrialization strategy of GM crops combined with mutation techniques
  Dr. Seok-Cheol Suh, Jeju Univ., Korea
14:00 – 14:30 New breeding lines developed by asymmetic protoplast fusion
  Dr. Chee Hark Harn, Eatoheal FE&D, Korea
14:30 – 14:50 Break
14:50 – 15:20 Space-induced mutation breeding in China
  Prof. Luxiang Liu, CAAS, China
15:20 – 15:50 Frontiers of ion beam breeding
  Dr. Yoshihiro Hase, QST, Japan
15:50 – 16:00 Discussion and closing remarks
  Prof. Hirokazu Nakai, Japan
Technical visit to Jeju University
-Institute for Nuclear Science & Technology
-Sup-tropical Horticulture Research Center

Friday, November 3rd 2017 (Day 4th)

09:00 – 10:00 Session 5 Cooperation with IAEA/RCA
Chair: Dr. Yoshihiro Hase, Japan
1. Report from IAEA/RCA (Presentation: 25min, Q/A: 5min)
  Prof. Luxiang Liu, IAEA/RCA Project Coordinator
2. Discussion
10:00 – 10:20 Break
10:20 – 11:30 Session 6 Minutes
Chair: Dr. Sobri Bin Hussein, Malaysia
1. Wrap up of minutes
2. Adoption of Minutes
11:30 – 11:45 Closing Session
Chair: Dr. Sobrizal, Indonesia
1. Closing Address
  1) Dr. Si-Yong Kang, FNCA PL of Korea
  2) Dr. Hideki Namba, FNCA Advisor of Japan
11:45 – 13:00 Lunch Break
Technical visit to the Citrus Research Institute, RDA, etc.

Participants List of
FNCA 2017 Workshop on Mutation Breeding Project

October 31st - November 3rd, 2017
Jeju, Korea


Bangladesh
Dr. ANK MAMUN (PL)
Chief Scientific Officer
Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC)

China
Dr. Jianzhong HUANG
Associate Professor
Institute of Nuclear Agricultural Sciences
Zhejiang University

Indonesia
Dr. Sobrizal (PL)
Senior Researcher / Rice Breeder
Center for Isotopes and Radiation Application
National Nuclear Energy Agency, Indonesia (BATAN)

Japan
Mr. Shoji KASUGA
Researcher
International Nuclear Cooperation Division
Research and Development Bureau
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)

Dr. Hideki NAMBA
FNCA Advisor of Japan,
QST Associate
National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST)

Prof. Hirokazu NAKAI (PL)
Professor Emeritus, Former Vice President
Shizuoka University

Dr. Atsushi TANAKA
Deputy Director General
Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute
Quantum Beam Science Research Directorate
National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology

Dr. Yoshihiro HASE
Senior Principal Researcher
Department of Radiation-Applied Biology Research
Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute
Quantum Beam Science Research Directorate
National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST)

Ms. Aki KOIKE
International Affairs and Research Department
Nuclear Safety Research Association (NSRA)

Korea
Dr. Si-Yong KANG (PL)
Principal Researcher and Team Head
Radiation Breeding Research Team
Advanced Radiation Research Institute
Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI)

Malaysia
Dr. Sobri Bin HUSSEIN (PL)
Senior Research Officer
Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia)

The Philippines
Ms. Ana Maria S. VELUZ
Senior Science Research Specialist
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI)

Thailand
Dr. Kanchana KLAKHAENG (PL)
Agricultural Research Officer
Senior Professional Level
Division of Rice Research and Development
Rice Department

Mr. Somjai SALEETO
Agricultural Research Officer
Senior Professional Level
Nong Khai Rice Research Center
Rice Department

Mr. Anuchart KOTCHASATIT
Agricultural Research Officer
Senior Professional Level
Ubon Ratchathani Rice Research Center
Rice Department

Vietnam
Prof. Dr. LE Huy Ham (PL)
Director General
Institute of Agricultural Genetics (AGI)

IAEA/RCA
Prof. Luxiang LIU
LCC of IAEA/RCA Project RAS5077
Director of National Center of Space Mutagenesis for Crop Improvement,
Deputy Director General of Institute of Crop Science
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (CAAS)


Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia