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Mar 8-9th 2017, Japan
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Mar 10th 2016, Japan
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"Study Panel on the Approaches toward Infrastructure Development for Nuclear Power" (2009-)
6th: Aug 26th –27th 2014, Vietnam
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5th: Aug 22th - 23th 2013, Japan
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4th: Jul 26th - 27th 2012, Thailand
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3rd: Jul 5th - 6th 2011, Indonesia
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2nd: Jul 1st - 2nd 2010, Korea
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1st: Jul 30th 31st 2009, Tokyo
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"Study Panel for Cooperation in the Field of Nuclear Energy in Asia" (2007-2008)
2nd: Sep 1st - 2nd 2008, Tokyo
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1st: Oct 30th - 31st 2007, Tokyo
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"Role of Nuclear Energy for Sustainable Development in Asia" (2004-2006)
3rd: Nov 1st - 2nd 2006, Tsuruga
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2nd: Jan 25th - 26th 2006, Tokyo
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1st: Oct 20th - 21st 2004, Tokyo
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Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA)
“FNCA 2016 Study Panel”

Group Photo
The “2016 Study Panel” (2016-SP) of the Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA) was held on March 10, 2016 in Tokyo, hosted by the Cabinet Office of Japan (CAO) and the Japan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC). The participants included the representatives of 11 countries (Australia, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam), as well as those invited from IAEA and OECD/NEA.

1. Background
With the growing concern on the energy security and global warming, FNCA member countries’ awareness increased as to the value of nuclear energy that could effectively cope with the twin challenges of ensuring reliable energy supplies and curbing greenhouse gas emissions. Study Panels have been annually held since 2004 and effectively served as a venue to discuss opportunities and challenges of nuclear power development.
Following the UN Sustainable Development Summit and the 21th Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21) held in 2015, the 16th FNCA Ministerial Level Meeting (MLM) was held in Tokyo in December of the same year and discussed inter alia the theme of “Climatic change and the role of nuclear power,” and FNCA’s possible contributions in that regard. The 2016-SP was held in line with the decisions of the 16th FNCA MLM to reinforce the activities related to building public trust in nuclear science and technology.

2. Objective of the Meeting
Stakeholder involvement is a challenge that the participating countries commonly face as they promote nuclear power programs. Discussion and information exchange under the theme of “Building trust toward nuclear technology through stakeholder engagement, and improved communication with the public.” for drawing lessons learned from the past experiences and identify the best practices in this area was the purpose of the meeting.
Scenes from the Meeting 1 Scenes from the Meeting 2
Scenes from the Meeting
3. Overview
· The OECD/NEA representative gave a presentation on the Agency’s diverse activities and undertakings in the area of stakeholder involvement. The IAEA representative gave a lecture on the informative basics of stakeholder involvement. Both served as a good introduction to the discussion that took place in the succeeding sessions of the day.
· The participants, who represented Asian countries where energy needs are rapidly growing, had learnt important issues and viewpoints that they need to consider when they introduce or expand nuclear power generation.
· The participants shared valuable information and experiences on how electric power companies gained to build a relationship based on trust with local residents in the neighborhood of nuclear power stations and facilities.
· Australian representative reported their successful experience in the stakeholder involvement regarding nuclear facilities and low level radioactive waste disposal, which suggested that the maintenance of close contacts and continuing communication through ordinary daily life are important.

4. Contents of the Meeting
4.1 Keynote speech
  (1) The OECD/NEA representative introduced the Agency’s organization and presented the diverse activities relating to public communication and stakeholder engagement at the different stages of the nuclear fuel cycle. Due to the importance of the matter, a new Division of Human Aspects of Nuclear Safety has been established to work closely with all NEA committees and relevant expert groups in this area, most prevalently, the Committee on the Safety of Nuclear Installations (CSNI), the Committee on Nuclear Regulatory Activities (CNRA), the Radioactive Waste Management Committee (RWMC), the Committee on Radiation Protection and Public Health (CRPPH) and the Nuclear Law Committee (NLC). The OECD/NEA representative reported on the activities of the Working Group on Public Communication of Nuclear Regulatory Organisations (WGPC) and the RWMC Forum on Stakeholder Confidence (FSC), as well as recent publications and future activities (such as the WGPC Asian stakeholders workshop to be held in Tokyo in April 2016 and the NEA Workshop on Stakeholder Involvement in Nuclear Decision-Making to be held in Paris in January 2017*1 ). OECD/NEA welcomed the FNCA countries’ awareness of this key area and highlighted again the Agency’s interest in working with the FNCA countries on public and stakeholder engagement.
  (2) The IAEA representative explained the outline of stakeholder involvement referring to the 19 issues*2 in the development of national infrastructure for nuclear power that IAEA Milestone Approach defines. She also highlighted six principles of stakeholder involvement that are described in the IAEA’s publication, “Stakeholder Involvement Throughout the Life Cycle of Nuclear Facilities.
*1 Since the FNCA Study Panel, the date of this workshop was moved to 17-19 January 2017.
*2 “19” ifrastructure issues are National position, Nuclear safety, Management, Funding and financing, Legal framework, Safeguards, Regulatory framework, Radiation protection, Electric grid, Human resource development, Stakeholder involvement, site and supporting facilities, Environmental protection, Emergency planning, Nuclear security, Nuclear fuel cycle, Radioactive waste management, Industrial involvement and Procurement.
Ms Tiina Tigerstedt Ms Ximena Vásquez Maignan
Ms Tiina Tigerstedt (IAEA) Ms Ximena Vásquez Maignan (OECD/NEA)

4.2 Stakeholder involvement relating to a plan for establishing nuclear facilities
· A member of The Committee for Securing Transparency of Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Station presented its history of activities over 13 years to find a practical solution to coexist with nuclear facilities in the neighborhood.
· A Fukui Prefecture representative presented its successful initiatives for hosting nuclear power facilities and promoting regional development, under the three principles of “Ensure safety,” “ Obtain local residents’ understanding and consent,” and “ Keep ever-lasting benefits of the communities.”
· A representative of the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization (ANSTO) presented its successful public relation strategy stressing “the benefits of nuclear science and technology” in the fields of medical, environment, and industry, in order to reinforce to the public the utility of nuclear applications to society.

 Ms Cassandra Casey Mr Nobuyasu Abe
Ms Cassandra Casey (ANSTO) Mr Nobuyasu Abe, Vice-chairman of JAEC (Chair)

4.3 Stakeholder involvement relating to low-level radioactive waste
· An ANSTO representative reported its successful experience in stakeholder engagement that was conducted over five years to obtain publi’ cs understandings to the return of waste after reprocessing in France.
· A Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited representative presented their initiatives that were taken over 30 years for living in harmony with local communities in the neighborhood of the nuclear fuel cycle facilities.
4.4  The first restart of nuclear power station after two years of no operational nuclear station in Japan
· A Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc. representative presented their activities on the promotion of understanding toward restarting the Sendai Nuclear Power Station.

5. Lessons learnt from the meeting
· “Stakeholders” should be considered broadly to include all those who feel they might be impacted.
· The European Union (EU) member countries must carry out environmental impact assessments for certain nuclear-related activities and consult each other, as well as the public, pursuant to the Espoo Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context and European law. The purpose of the Espoo Convention is to enhance international co-operation and allow environmentally sound decisions to be made by consulting neighboring countries. The EU member countries must also disclose information to the public pursuant to the Aarhus Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters grants the public the right to request access to any environmental information held by public authorities, in whatever form. It was acknowledged that not only nationals of a country developing nuclear power could feel concerned, but also nationals from neighboring countries, therefore Asian countries may want to al so take into account their neighboring countries when developing nuclear power projects in the future.
· It was recognized that the establishment of a legal framework is essential. It was also recognized that the key to successful promotion of nuclear power is building a good relationship with local communities.
· As the presentation given by the representative of Australia suggests, widely communicating the benefits of nuclear science and technology can effectively contribute to better public acceptance.

6. Possible follow-up actions
· While the FNCA member countries need to further discuss possible follow-up actions from 2016-SP, the following are possible actions which outcomes would be beneficial to member countries.
· If the FNCA and the OECD/NEA cooperate on nuclear law matters, the OECD/NEA can bring its experience to organize meetings and to encourage FNCA member countries to exchange information and work on a common goal. Meetings could be held on a yearly basis and each meeting could address a specific nuclear law topic. The first meeting could focus on nuclear liability, but other topics may subsequently be addressed like the legal framework of public and stakeholder engagement or of nuclear safety.
· If the IAEA can support the FNCA in the area of stakeholder-involvement. There is variety of IAEA support for MS’ s, through technical meetings, expert missions, publications and e-learning.
· These possible follow-up actions will be discussed during the SOM and other meeting of the FNCA.


Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA)
“FNCA 2016 Study Panel”
Agenda

Date: March 10th (Thursday), 2016
Venue: Mita Conference Hall, Tokyo, Japan
Organized by: Cabinet Office (CAO) Government of Japan
Japan Atomic Energy Committee (JAEC)
Chair Mr Nobuyasu ABE, Commissioner of JAEC
Working Language: English
Theme Building trust toward nuclear technology through stakeholder engagement, Improved communication with the public

09:45 - 10:00 Registration
10:30 - 10:55 Session 1, Opening Session (15 min) (Open to Press)
Chair: Mr Nobuyasu ABE, Commissioner of JAEC
1. Opening remarks
2. Self-introduction of participants
3. Confirmation of agenda
10:15 - 10:25 Commemorative Photo (10 min) (Open to Press)
10:25 - 11:10 Session 2, Keynote speech (45 min) (Open to Press)
Chair: Ms Cassandra CASEY, External Relations Manager, Australian Nuclear Science & Technology Organisation (ANSTO)
“The activities of the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) related to stakeholder involvement”
- Ms Ximena VÁSQUEZ MAIGNAN, Head of the Office of Legal Counsel, OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) (20min)
“Stakeholder Involvement –An Overview-”
- Ms Tiina TIGERSTEDT, Training Specialist, Division of Nuclear Power of Department of Nuclear Energy, International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) (20min)
11:10 - 12:30 Session 3 Stakeholder engagement relating to a plan for establishing Nuclear Facilities (80 min)
Chair: Mr. Tomoaki WADA, FNCA Japan Coordinator
Case Study 1: Transparency and Trust - Local residents’ perspective (Japan, 20min)
- Mr Yasuyoshi KUWABARA, Chair of "Chiiki-No-Kai", Committee for Securing Transparency of Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Station
Case Study 2: Mr Takehiko UMEDA, Executive Officer, Department of General Policy, Fukui Prefectural Government Executive Director of the Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center (WERC)
- Mr Takehiko UMEDA, Executive Officer, Department of General Policy, Fukui Prefectural Government Executive Director of the Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center (WERC)-
Case Study 3: Australia’s experience - A new approach to stakeholder engagement for nuclear facilities (Australia, 20min)
- Ms Cassandra CASEY, External Relations Manager, Australian Nuclear Science & Technology Organisation (ANSTO)
Discussion (20min)
12:30 - 13:40 Luncheon (70 min)
13:40 - 14:40 Session 4, Stakeholder engagement relating to low-level Radioactive Waste (60 min)
Chair: Mr Hironori NAKANISHI, Deputy Director General for Science, Technology and Innovation, Cabinet Office (Japan, 20min)
Case Study 1: Australia’s experience – stakeholder engagement relating to nuclear waste (Australia, 20min)
- Ms Cassandra CASEY, External Relations Manager, Australian Nuclear Science & Technology Organisation (ANSTO)
Case Study 2: Initiatives to Live in Harmony with Local Communities for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle Facilities (Japan, 20min)
- Mr. Kenzo TAKASE, Managing Executive Officer, Member of the Board, Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited (JNFL)
Discussion (20min)
14:40 - 15:05 Session 5, Reconstruction of trust relating to restart of the Nuclear Power Station (25 min)
Chair: Mr Hironori NAKANISHI, Deputy Director General for Science, Technology and Innovation, Cabinet Office (Japan, 20min)
Case Study: Sendai Nuclear Power Station, Promotion of understanding toward restarting (Japan, 20min)
- Mr. Katsurou HIRAMINE, Deputy General Manager, Sendai Nuclear Power Construction Arrangement Office, Kyushu Electric Power CO., INC.
15:00 - 15:20 Coffee Break (20 min)
15:20 - 17:10 Session 6, Closing Session (20 min)
Chair: Mr. Nobuyasu ABE, Commissioner of JAEC
1. Outcome of the meeting
2. Closing remarks



“List of Participants in the“FNCA 2016 Study Panel”

■Participants from FNCA countries
Australia

Mr Peter McGLINN
Senior Adviser
International Relations
Australian Nuclear Science & Technology Organisation (ANSTO)
FNCA Coordinator of Australia

Ms Cassandra CASEY
External Relations Manager
Australian Nuclear Science & Technology Organisation (ANSTO)

Bangladesh

Dr Syed Mohammod HOSSAIN
Director, Human Resources Division
Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC)
Project Leader of Bangladesh (Human Resources Development)

Mr Mahbubul HOQ
Chief Scientific Officer & Director
Institute of Electronics
Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC)

China

Prof LONG Maoxiong
Deputy Secretary General
China Nuclear Energy Association (CNEA)

Indonesia

Dr Anhar Riza ANTARIKSAWAN
Deputy Chairman
National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN)
FNCA Coordinator of Indonesia

Mr Husen ZAMRONI
Head of Waste Management Division,
Center for Radioactive Waste Technology
National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN)

Kazakhstan

Dr Erlan BATYRBEKOV
Director General
National Nuclear Center (NNC) of the Republic of Kazakhstan
FNCA Coordinator of Kazakhstan

Mr Sergey BEREZIN
Deputy Director General
National Nuclear Center (NNC) of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Project Leader of Kazakhstan (Nuclear Security and Safeguards)

Malaysia

Dr Zulkafli Bin GHAZALI
Director
Radiation Processing Division
Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia)
FNCA Coordinator of Malaysia

Dr Dahlan Hj. MOHD
Senior Director
Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia)

Mongolia

Mr CHADRAABAL Mavag
Head
Nuclear Technology Department
Nuclear Energy Commission (NEC)
FNCA Coordinator of Mongolia

Mr NYAMGARAV Noosoikhuu
Member of Radiation Safety Council
Nuclear Energy Commission (NEC)

The Philippines

Dr Soledad S. CASTAÑEDA
Chief Science Research Specialist/OIC, Deputy Director
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI)

Thailand

Dr Pornthep NISAMANEEPHONG
Executive Director
Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (TINT)
FNCA Coordinator of Thailand

Ms Nipavan PORAMATIKUL
Director of Nuclear Research and Development Division
Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (TINT)

Ms Kanchalika DECHATES
Head of International Cooperation Section
Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (TINT)

Vietnam

Dr CAO Dinh Thanh
Vice President
Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM)
FNCA Coordinator of Viet Nam

Dr NGUYEN Nhi Dien
Vice President
Director of Nuclear Research Institute
Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM)
Project Leader of Viet Nam (Safety Management Systems for Nuclear Facilities)

■Participants from International Organisations
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Ms Tiina TIGERSTEDT
Training Specialist
Nuclear Power Engineering Section
Division of Nuclear Power
Department of Nuclear Energy
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA)

Ms Ximena VÁSQUEZ MAIGNAN
Head
Office of Legal Counsel
OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA)

■Participants from Japan

1. Cabinet Office, Government of Japan (CAO)
(1) Japan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC)
Mr Nobuyasu ABE
Vice-Chairman
Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC)

Dr Tomoko M NAKANISHI
Commissioner
Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC)

(2) Secretariat of Japan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC)
Mr Hironori NAKANISHI
Deputy Director General for Science and Technology Policy
Cabinet Office, Japan

Mr Nobuhiro MUROYA
Director for Atomic Energy,
Bureau of Science, Technology, Innovation and Policy
Cabinet Office (CAO)

Mr Minoru KIKUCHI
Chief Official
Office of Atomic Energy Policy
Secretariat of the Atomic Energy Commission, Cabinet Office, Japan

Mr Motomitsu SADAYASU
Senior Researcher
Office of Atomic Energy Policy
Secretariat of the Atomic Energy Commission, Cabinet Office, Japan

Ms Atsuko SUZUKI
Senior Researcher
Office of Atomic Energy Policy
Secretariat of the Atomic Energy Commission, Cabinet Office (CAO)

Ms Yuriko SAKURAZAWA
Senior Researcher
Office of Atomic Energy Policy
Secretariat of the Atomic Energy Commission, Cabinet Office (CAO)

2. Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)
Mr Kazuo SHIMOMURA
Advisor to Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)

Ms Yukiko OKABE
Deputy Director, International Nuclear and Fusion Energy Affairs Division,
Research and Development Bureau
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)

Mr Munenori KASAJIMA
Unit Chief, International Nuclear and Fusion Energy Affairs Division,
Research and Development Bureau
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)

Ms Moe AOKI
Researcher, International Nuclear and Fusion Energy Affairs Division,
Research and Development Bureau
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)

<Coordinator>
Mr Tomoaki WADA
FNCA Coordinator of Japan

<Advisor>
Dr Hideki NAMBA
FNCA Advisor of Japan

<Panelists>
Mr Yasuyoshi KUWABARA
Chair
"Chiiki-No-Kai"
Committee for Securing Transparency of Kashiwazaki-Kariwa Nuclear Power Station

Mr Masami MATSUBARA
Secretary General
Kashiwazaki Public Relation Center of Atomic Energy

Mr Takehiko UMEDA
Executive Officer, Department of General Policy
Fukui Prefectural Government
Executive Director
The Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center (WERC)

Mr Masanori WATANABE
Deputy General Manager
Fukui International Human Resources Development Center for Atomic Energy (FIHRDC)
The Wakasa Wan Energy Research Center (WERC)

Mr Kenzo TAKASE
Managing Executive Officer
Member of the Board
Japan Nuclear Fuel Limited (JNFL)

Mr Katsurou HIRAMINE
Deputy General Manager
Sendai Nuclear Power Construction Arrangement Office
Kyushu Electric Power CO., INC.

Mr Takashi SAGESHIMA
Assistant Manager
Sendai Nuclear Power Construction Arrangement Office
Siting Affairs & Communication Dept.
Kyushu Electric Power
Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia