FNCA 2016 Workshop on Safety Management System for Nuclear Facilities Project
October 24 - 28, 2016
Opening and Welcome
The workshop was opened by Mr. SuthipongBoonmak, Head of the Research Reactor Management Group, followed by a welcome address by Ms. NivapanPorematikul, Deputy Executive Director of the Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology. MsPoramatikul passed on the apologies of the TINT Executive Director, DrPornthepNisamaneephong and welcomed the participants and thanked ANSTO for their contributed support to the FNCA SMS project.
MsPorematikul stated that TINT's first priority is safety; however there are other competing priorities, such as customer service and return on investment, and the achievement of an integrated safety management system will assist TINT in delivering safe and sustainable reactor operations.
MrHefin Griffiths, Project Leader for the lead country Australia, replied on behalf of ANSTO. He thanked MsPorematikul, NarinKlaysubun (Reactor Manager) and their staff for their support to the peer review. Mr Griffiths also thanked the host country staff for hosting the workshop and peer review and thanked them for the preparation and administration, especially at such a sad time for Thailand following the death of His MajestyBhumibolAdulyadejand expressed the sincere condolences on behalf of the whole project group.
MrGriffiths welcomed the participants, particularly the new participants, stating that the group may start the week as strangers, but that over the week they would become friends and that the peer review process was aimed at friends helping each other with the common goal of improving safety.
Mr Griffiths stated that following the last FNCA co-ordinators meeting, it has been confirmed that this would be the last meeting of the SMS project workshop and recommended that this week be used to also identify the learnings and achievements of the project over its history.
Workshop Introduction and the SMS Project Context
Representatives from the participating countries introduced themselves to the workshop. The list of participants is given in following pages.
Mr Griffiths described the activities of the Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA) to the participants. The FNCA is a Japan led cooperation framework for peaceful use of nuclear technology in Asia. Within this framework, the Safety Management Systems for Nuclear Facilities project (SMS project) began in 2009 and was planned to run until 2013, subsequently being extended until 2016. It is led by Australia and follows the previous successful Nuclear Safety Culture project which developed and used the self-assessment - peer review approach.
The SMS project objectives are to identify key aspects of safety management systems for nuclear facilities through the use of self-assessment and peer review methodologies for safety management, and by mutual agreement, to undertake peer reviews at designated institutes in project countries.The inaugural SMS project workshop was held in Sydney in 2010. Subsequently combined workshop / peer reviews were held in Serpong, Indonesia in October 2010, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in November 2011, Daejeon, Korea in October 2012, Dhaka, Bangladesh in May 2014 and Dalat, Vietnam in June 2015.Mr Griffiths noted that the experience gained by the team in the previous peer reviews will be valuable in this current review.
Mr Griffiths then outlined the activities of the workshop. The final version of the agenda is given in following pages.
Context for Nuclear Activities in the Kingdom of Thailand
To give the participants context information for the peer review there were two presentations on the nuclear activities and regulatory background in Thailand.
Mr. SuthipongBoonmak, Head of the TINT Research Reactor Management Group gave an overview of the nuclear infrastructure and Nuclear Energy Program of Thailand. The current iteration of the Thailand Power Development Plan 2015 includes 2 units of nuclear power plant, 1000 MW each, the first nuclear power plant would be expected to be in operation in 2035, and the second one in 2036. The PDP has been significantly reduced following the Fukishima accident.
MrBoonmak described the operation of the Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (TINT) and the Thai Research Reactor-1 / modification 1 (TRR1/M1), a TRIGA Mark III, 1200 kW nominal power. The TRR-1/M1 is located in Bangkok, the capital of Thailand. The reactor site is next toKasetsart University and the total area of the site is about 13,000 m2. The TRR-1/M1 core utilizes approximately 20% enriched UZrH fuel which is loaded into two types of fuel elements: 8.5% wt and 20% wt uranium. The TRR-1/M1 fuel element is clad with 304 stainless steel. The 20% wt fuel element also contains about 0.5% wt Erbium as burnable poison which is intended to extend the operation lifetime of TRIGA fuel and provides significant fraction of the prompt negative temperature coefficient for reactivity feedback.
The operation of TRR-1/M1 is under the responsibility of Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (TINT). Formerly, TINT was part of Office of Atoms for Peace (OAP) but it was separated during Thai governmental reformation in December 2006. The separation makes clearly the role of the reactor operation by TINT and the role of regulatory body by OAP. The general responsibilities of TINT include:
* to research and develop the nuclear science and technology to accommodate with country development,
* to transfer the technology and to provide consultation on the application of nuclear technology to develop the economics, socials and environment,
* to manage the nuclear reactor and nuclear material including the services on nuclear technology, nuclear safety and radiation safety
* to make a relationship with domestic and international organisations, and
* to promote the nuclear science and technology for peaceful utilisation.
The TINT's services include:
* Radiation safety services,
* Radioisotope centre, delivering I-131, Sm-153 and Tc-99m kits,
* Irradiation of food, medical products and gemstones utilising a range of high-activity Co-60 sources and an E-beam accelerator.
TINT operates from 3 sites in Thailand; Bangkok, PathumThani and Nakhon, Nayok.
MrChaiyodSoontrapa, from the Bureau of Nuclear Safety Regulation of the Office of Atoms for Peace provided a presentation on the new Nuclear Energy for Peace Act 2016, which replaced the 1961 Atomic Energy for Peace Act. The new Act is based on IAEA Nuclear Law Handbooks and regulatory laws of Thailand and other countries and is intended to comply with international instruments such as
* Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS)
* Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management (Joint Convention)
* Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) as amended
* Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)
* Additional Protocol (AP)
The new Act introduces licenses to produce, posses, use, import, export or transit radioactive materials; introduces specific licence arrangements for radiation generating devices and introduces separate licences for the siting, construction, commissioning, operation and decommissioning of nuclear facilities.
The participants from each country made a presentation giving an update of changes in their safety management.There was good discussion following the presentations and they were well received. It was clear from many presentations that all countries have benefited from the SMS project, whether they have hosted a peer review or not. Indonesia gave an example of how they have used the self-assessment tool to review facilities and China gave examples of how the approach has helped them strengthen their culture. Mr Satoshi Kurata gave a special presentation covering the achievements of the SMS project and its predecessor - the Safety Culture Project - based on his personal involvement since 2004.
Many of the country reports referred to the updating of existing legislation or the introduction of new legislation related to nuclear activities.
Special Presentations and Sessions
Prior to the workshop Ms Aiko Nagai had drafted a summary document collating the Good Practices identified across the 6 peer reviews. Mr Yoji Murayama requested the opportunity to make a presentation on this topic. All participants agreed that having a summary of the good practices identified over the 7 years of the project would be a good way of demonstrating the successful outcome of the project for presentation to the FNCA co-ordinators at the 2017 meeting.
It was agreed that the GPs would be reviewed and expanded upon by the relevant host site and that Ms Nagai would update the document for review prior to submission to the FNCA co-ordinators.
Feedback from the Previous Peer Review
An important step in the peer review process is the follow-up by the previous peer review host organisation on the comments and suggestions for potential improvements. DrDien presented on the work undertaken by the Dalat Nuclear Research Institute (DNRI) following the last peer review.
Many of the recommendations have been completed, although it was recognised that some would take additional time to fully implement.
Self-Assessment and Peer Review Process
The self-assessment tool is central to the review process and a sound understanding is important for users. Because there were new participants in the team,MrGriffithsasked Mr Satoshi Kurata to recap his previous presentation on the objectives of the peer review process. This greatly assisted in defining the scope and role of the peer review and clarified the distinction between the peer review process and an audit.
Workshop Summary and Conclusions
The workshop presentations from TINT staff provided good understanding of the context for the peer review of TRR-1/M1 and associated facilities. The country reports were interesting and well received.
In looking at future work, FNCA are recommended to ensure that common issues such as the synergies and conflicts between a security and safety culture are considered and that risk management is addressed as a broad topic. Given the success of the peer review process developed during this project, it is recommended that FNCA consider the use of peer review where appropriate on other projects.
The workshop concluded with Mr Griffiths, thanking the hosts TINT again and thanking the participants both past and present for all their contributions to both the Safety Culture and SMS projects. Both projects have assisted in the sharing of good practices amongst all participating countries and created connections that will allow further sharing in the future. Mr Griffiths paid a special thanks to Mr Satoshi Kurata for all his help and guidance over the 3 workshops that Mr Griffiths has led and also to Ms. Aiko Nagai for all her assistance through the FNCA.