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Workshop

FNCA 2018 Mutation Breeding Project Workshop

Report of
FNCA 2018 Workshop on Mutation Breeding Project

October 29th - November 1st, 2018
Hanoi, Vietnam


Outline of Workshop

ⅰ) Date: October 29th - November 1st, 2018
ⅱ) Venue: Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM), Hanoi, Vietnam
ⅲ) Host

Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT)
Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM)
Agricultural Genetics Institute (AGI)

ⅳ) Participants:

A total of 16 participants from 9 countries, i.e. Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Mongolia, The Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam


Group Photo

Opening Session
Dr. Tran Ngoc Toan, vice president of Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM) and Prof. Le Huy Ham, Chairman of Science Council of Agricultural Genetics Institute (AGI) delivered welcoming remarks, respectively. Dr. Hideki Namba, FNCA Advisor of Japan gave an opening speech.

Overview Lectures
Dr. Namba reviewed FNCA activities in 2017-2018 and major success results achieved. Prof. Hirokazu Nakai, FNCA Mutation Breeding Project Leader of Japan briefly described the purpose of FNCA project on Mutation Breeding, the history of the sub-projects completed and the main issues to be discussed in the present workshop. He also introduced main results of every country.

Follow-up on Sub-project on Sorghum and Soybean
Dr. Arwin from Indonesia presented progress on Soybean and Sorghum mutation breeding. Two early maturing soybean advanced mutant lines with drought and acid soil tolerance have been in multi-location trials, and with further experiments, they will be registered as new varieties. Another two M3 soybean mutants that showed early maturing, high yield, black color and relatively bigger grain than parent have been selected for crop rotation with rice. Two advanced mutant lines of Sorghum are selected for further evaluation.

hoto of the Meeting
Photo of Dr Toan

Open Seminar
In the afternoon on October 29, open seminar on "Application of Radiation Technology and Mutation Breeding for Sustainable Development" was held with 35 participants. Prof. Nakai talked on the vision of mutation breeding for sustainable agriculture and introduced trials on the mutation breeding of rice for adaptability to nature farming. Prof. Le presented economic impact of mutation breeding in Vietnam. Mr. Le Duc Thao, AGI discussed the soybean improvement via mutation breeding. Mr. Nguyen Anh Vu, AGI reported on the application of ion beam for cassava improvement. Dr. Yoshihiro Hase, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST) introduced genome wide analysis of mutations induced by carbon ion beams in Arabidopsis. Prof. Shu Qingyao, Zhejiang University presented mutation breeding in the era of genome editing. Dr. Kanchana Klakhaeng, Rice Department talked on mutation breeding for sustainable agriculture in Thailand. Each presentation was followed with questions and discussions. Mutation breeding combined with current molecular techniques such as GWAS and genome editing was thought to have a great potential to breed new varieties toward sustainable agriculture.

Country Report on Mutation Breeding of Major Crops for Low-input Sustainable Agriculture under Climate Change
Nine member countries presented progress and activity plan on the Mutation Breeding of Major Crops for Low-input Sustainable Agriculture under Climate Change.

5-year plan for Mutation Breeding of Major Crops for Low-input Sustainable Agriculture under Climate Change
Prof. Nakai gave a lead speech and emphasized that the adaptability to low input condition is the major target in this new phase. After discussion along with the points raised by Prof. Nakai, the participants confirmed the followings.

  1. All the member countries are facing adverse effects of climate change.
  2. Traditional varieties are potential donor of the genes for tolerance to abiotic stress and also for stable yield under the climate change; however, the identification of genes responsible for the given phenotype is necessary to breed superior varieties.
  3. The yield is the most important target to screen mutants adaptable to low input condition. In addition, the nutritional elements, especially nitrogen should be monitored to assess the proper input of fertilizer to achieve sustainable agriculture.

Cooperation with IAEA/RCA
Dr. Namba gave a presentation about the present status of the cooperation between RCA and FNCA. He also gave information about the link between FNCA-RCA and plans to include non FNCA-RCA countries under these projects. He expressed his satisfaction with present status of FNCA-RCA cooperation on Mutation Breeding projects and gave insights on how to increase overall cooperation between FNCA and RCA projects.
On behalf of Prof. Luxiang Liu, Dr. Sobri Bin Hussein, Malaysian Nuclear Agency gave a presentation on the progress of RCA mutation breeding project (RAS5077). Food and nutrition security is always a major concern in most countries in the Asia and the Pacific region under climate change. To increase environment-friendly crop production through the application of mutation techniques, green crop varieties should be developed by concerted use of related biotechnologies. This capability of the RCA Government Parties should be enhanced. Presently Japan is providing ion beam irradiation service to FNCA member countries to develop new mutant varieties.

Minutes and Closing Session
The minutes were discussed and agreed by all participants. Dr. Hussein introduced that next workshop will be hosted by Malaysia with tentative date on September in Kuala Lumpur. Dr. Tran and Dr. Namba delivered closing remarks and thanked all participants for their efforts and contribution.

Technical Visit
Participants visited Agricultural Genetics Institute on October 31. After the presentation on outline of the institute, they observed related laboratories and research facilities and visited the mutant varieties collection room contributing to sustainable agriculture development in Vietnam.

Group Photo fo Technical Visit
Photo of Technical Visit
Photo in the Lab 1
Photo in the Lab 2

Minutes of
FNCA 2018 Workshop on Mutation Breeding Project

October 29th - November 1st, 2018
Hanoi, Vietnam


1) Outline

ⅰ) Date October 29th - November 1st, 2018
ⅱ) Venue Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM), Hanoi, Vietnam
ⅲ) Host Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT)
Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM)
Agricultural Genetics Institute (AGI)
ⅳ) Participants A total of 16 participants from 9 countries, i.e. Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Mongolia, The Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam (Annex 2)
ⅴ) Program Annex 1

Opening Session
Dr. Tran Ngoc Toan, vice president of Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM) and Prof. Le Huy Ham, Chairman of Science Council of Agricultural Genetics Institute (AGI) delivered welcoming remarks, respectively. Dr. Hideki Namba, FNCA Advisor of Japan gave an opening speech.

Overview Lectures
Dr. Namba reviewed FNCA activities in 2017-2018 and major success results achieved. Prof. Hirokazu Nakai, FNCA Mutation Breeding Project Leader of Japan briefly described the purpose of FNCA project on Mutation Breeding, the history of the sub-projects completed and the main issues to be discussed in the present workshop. He also introduced main results of every country.

Session 1 Follow-up on Sub-project on Sorghum and Soybean
Dr. Arwin from Indonesia presented progress on Soybean and Sorghum mutation breeding. Two early maturing soybean advanced mutant lines with drought and acid soil tolerance have been in multi-location trials, and with further experiments, they will be registered as new varieties. Another two M3 soybean mutants that showed early maturing, high yield, black color and relatively bigger grain than parent have been selected for crop rotation with rice. Two advanced mutant lines of Sorghum are selected for further evaluation. The summary for the presentation is attached as Annex 3.

Open Seminar
In the afternoon on October 29, open seminar on "Application of Radiation Technology and Mutation Breeding for Sustainable Development" was held with 35 participants. Prof. Nakai talked on the vision of mutation breeding for sustainable agriculture and introduced trials on the mutation breeding of rice for adaptability to nature farming. Prof. Le presented economic impact of mutation breeding in Vietnam. Mr. Le Duc Thao, AGI discussed the soybean improvement via mutation breeding. Mr. Nguyen Anh Vu, AGI reported on the application of ion beam for cassava improvement. Dr. Yoshihiro Hase, National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST) introduced genome wide analysis of mutations induced by carbon ion beams in Arabidopsis. Prof. Shu Qingyao, Zhejiang University presented mutation breeding in the era of genome editing. Dr. Kanchana Klakhaeng, Rice Department talked on mutation breeding for sustainable agriculture in Thailand. Each presentation was followed with questions and discussions. Mutation breeding combined with current molecular techniques such as GWAS and genome editing was thought to have a great potential to breed new varieties toward sustainable agriculture.

Session 2 Country Report on Mutation Breeding of Major Crops for Low-input Sustainable Agriculture under Climate Change
Nine member countries presented progress and activity plan on the Mutation Breeding of Major Crops for Low-input Sustainable Agriculture under Climate Change. The summary for each presentation is attached as Annex 3.

Session 3 5-year plan for Mutation Breeding of Major Crops for Low-input Sustainable Agriculture under Climate Change
Prof. Nakai gave a lead speech and emphasized that the adaptability to low input condition is the major target in this new phase. After discussion along with the points raised by Prof. Nakai, the participants confirmed the followings.

  1. All the member countries are facing adverse effects of climate change.
  2. Traditional varieties are potential donor of the genes for tolerance to abiotic stress and also for stable yield under the climate change; however, the identification of genes responsible for the given phenotype is necessary to breed superior varieties.
  3. The yield is the most important target to screen mutants adaptable to low input condition. In addition, the nutritional elements, especially nitrogen should be monitored to assess the proper input of fertilizer to achieve sustainable agriculture.

Session 4 Cooperation with IAEA/RCA
Dr. Namba gave a presentation about the present status of the cooperation between RCA and FNCA. He also gave information about the link between FNCA-RCA and plans to include non FNCA-RCA countries under these projects. He expressed his satisfaction with present status of FNCA-RCA cooperation on Mutation Breeding projects and gave insights on how to increase overall cooperation between FNCA and RCA projects.
On behalf of Prof. Luxiang Liu, Dr. Sobri Bin Hussein, Malaysian Nuclear Agency gave a presentation on the progress of RCA mutation breeding project (RAS5077). Food and nutrition security is always a major concern in most countries in the Asia and the Pacific region under climate change. To increase environment-friendly crop production through the application of mutation techniques, green crop varieties should be developed by concerted use of related biotechnologies. This capability of the RCA Government Parties should be enhanced. Presently Japan is providing ion beam irradiation service to FNCA member countries to develop new mutant varieties.

Minutes and Closing Session
The minutes were discussed and agreed by all participants. It will be reported at the 20th Coordinators Meeting to be held in March 2019 in Japan. Dr. Hussein introduced that next workshop will be hosted by Malaysia with tentative date on September 2 - 5 in Kuala Lumpur. Dr. Tran and Dr. Namba delivered closing remarks and thanked all participants for their efforts and contribution.

2) Technical Visit
Participants visited Agricultural Genetics Institute on October 31. After the presentation on outline of the institute, they observed related laboratories and research facilities and visited the mutant varieties collection room contributing to sustainable agriculture development in Vietnam.

3) Attachments
Annex 1  Program
Annex 2  List of Participants
Annex 3  Session Summary


Program of
FNCA 2018 Workshop on Mutation Breeding Project

October 29th - November 1st, 2018
Hanoi, Vietnam


Monday, October 29th, 2018 (Day 1st)

09:00-10:30 Opening Session
Chair: Prof. LE Huy Ham, Vietnam
1. Welcoming Remarks
  1) Dr. TRAN Ngoc Toan, Vice President of VINATOM
  2) Prof. LE Huy Ham, Chairman of Science Council of AGI
  3) Dr. Hideki NAMBA, FNCA Advisor of Japan
2. Overview Lectures
  1) Overview and progress of FNCA activities in 2017-2018
    Dr. Hideki NAMBA, FNCA Advisor of Japan
  2) Outline of FNCA Mutation Breeding Project and purpose of the workshop
    Prof. Hirokazu NAKAI, FNCA Mutation Project Leader of Japan
3. Introduction of Participants
4. Confirmation of Agenda
10:30-10:45 Group Photo and Break
10:45-11:30 Session 1 Follow up of Sub-projects on Sorghum and Soybean
Chair: Dr. A N K MAMUN, Bangladesh
1. Sub-project on Drought Tolerance in Sorghum and Soybean
   Mr. Arwin, Indonesia
2. Summary
11:30-14:00 Lunch Break
Open Seminar on Application of Radiation Technology and Mutation Breeding
for Sustainable Development
Chair: Vietnam
14:00-14:10 1. Opening Remarks
  1) Dr. TRAN Ngoc Toan, Vice President of VINATOM
  2) Prof. LE Huy Ham, Chairman of Science Council of AGI
14:10-14:35 2. Vision of Mutation Breeding for Sustainable Agriculture -Trials on Mutation Breeding of Rice for Adaptability to Nature Farming-
   Prof. Hirokazu NAKAI, Shizuoka University, Japan
14:35-15:00 3. Economic impact of mutation breeding in Vietnam
   Dr. LE Huy Ham, Vietnam
15:00-15:25 4. Soy bean improvement via mutation breeding
   Mr. LE Duc Thao, Vietnam
15:25-15:50 5. Application of ion beam for cassava improvement
   Mr. NGUYEN Anh Vu, Vietnam
15:50-16:00 Break
16:00-16:25 6. Genome wide analysis of mutations induced by carbon ion beams in Arabidopsis
   Dr. Yoshihiro HASE, QST, Japan
16:25-16:50 7. Mutation breeding in the era of genome editing
   Prof. SHU Qingyao, Zhejiang Univerysity, China
16:50-17:15 8. Mutation Breeding for Sustainable Agriculture in Thailand
   Dr. Kanchana KLAKHAENG, Rice Department, Thailand
17:15-17:30 9. Closing Remarks
   Prof. LE Huy Ham, Chairman of Science Council of AGI, Vietnam

Tuesday, October 30th, 2018 (Day 2nd)

09:00-10:45 Session 2 Country Report
Chair: Ms. Ana Maria VELUZ, The Philippines
1. Bangladesh
2. China
3. Indonesia
10:45-11:00 Break
11:00-12:10 Cont. of Session 2 Country Report
Chair: Dr. Dolgor TSOGNAMJIL, Mongolia
4. Japan
5. Malaysia
12:10-14:00 Lunch Break
14:00-15:10 Cont. of Session 2 Country Report
Chair: Dr. Kanchana KLAKHAENG, Thailand
6. Mongolia
7. The Philiippines
15:10-15:25 Break
15:25-16:35 Cont. of Session 2 Country Report
Chair: Mr. Arwin, Indonesia
8. Thailand
9. Vietnam

Wednesday, October 31st, 2018 (Day 3rd)

Technical Visit to Agricultural Genetic Institute

Thursday, November 1st 2018 (Day 4th)

9:00-10:30 Session 3 5-year plan for Mutation Breeding of Major Crops for Low-input Sustainable Agriculture under Climate Change
Chair : Dr. Yoshihiro HASE, Japan
  1. Lead speech
   Prof. Hirokazu Nakai, Japan
2. Discussion
3. Summary
10:30-10:45 Break
10:45-12:00 Session 4 Cooperation with IAEA/RCA
Chair: Dr. ANK MAMUN, Bangladesh
  1. Overview of the cooperation between FNCA and IAEA/RCA
   Dr Hideki NAMBA, FNCA Advisor of Japan
2. IAEA/RCA project "Promoting the application of mutation techniques and related biotechnologies for the development of green crop varieties"
   Dr. Sobri Bin HUSSEIN on be half of Prof. LIU Luxiang
3. Discussion
12:00-14:00 Lunch Break
14:00-16:00 Session 5 Minutes
Chair: Prof. SHU Qingyao, China
  1. Wrap up of minutes
2. Adoption of Minutes
16:00-16:30 Closing Session
Chair: Prof. LE Huy Ham, Vietnam
  1. Closing Address
  1) Dr. TRAN Ngoc Toan, FNCA Coordinator of Vietnam
  2) Dr. Hideki NAMBA, FNCA Advisor of Japan

Participants List of
FNCA 2018 Workshop on Mutation Breeding Project

October 29th - November 1st, 2018
Hanoi, Vietnam


Bangladesh
Dr. ANK MAMUN (PL)
Chief Scientific Officer and Head
Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC)

China
Prof. SHU Qingyao (PL)
Professor, Deputy Executive Director
Institute of Crop Science
Zhejiang University

Indonesia
Mr. Arwin
Soybean Researcher
Center for Application of Isotopes and Radiation
National Nuclear Energy Agency, Indonesia (BATAN)

Japan
Dr. Hideki NAMBA
FNCA Advisor of Japan,
QST Associate
National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST)

Prof. Hirokazu NAKAI (PL)
Professor Emeritus, Former Vice President
Shizuoka University

Dr. Yoshihiro HASE
Senior Principal Researcher
Department of Radiation-Applied Biology Research
Takasaki Advanced Radiation Research Institute
Quantum Beam Science Research Directorate
National Institutes for Quantum and Radiological Science and Technology (QST)

Ms. Aki KOIKE
International Affairs and Research Department
Nuclear Safety Research Association (NSRA)

Malaysia
Dr. Sobri Bin HUSSEIN (PL)
Senior Research Officer
Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia)

Mongolia
Dr. Dolgor TSOGNAMJIL
Researcher
Institute of Plant and Agricultural Science (IPAS)

The Philippines
Ms. Ana Maria S. VELUZ
Senior Science Research Specialist
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI)

Thailand
Dr. Kanchana KLAKHAENG (PL)
Agricultural Research Officer
Senior Professional Level
Rice Department

Mr. Somjai SALEETO
Agricultural Research Officer
Senior Professional Level
Nong Khai Rice Research Center
Rice Department

Mr. Anuchart KOTCHASATIT
Agricultural Research Officer
Senior Professional Level
Ubon Ratchathani Rice Research Center
Rice Department

Vietnam
Prof. Dr. LE Huy Ham (PL)
Chairman of Science Council of Agricultural Genetics Institute (AGI)

Dr. LE Duc Thao
Head of the Mutation and Heterosis Breeding Department
Agricultural Genetics Institute (AGI)

Ms. NGUYEN Thi Hong
Mutation and Heterosis Breeding Department
Agricultural Genetics Institute (AGI)



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