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Workshop


FNCA 2012 Workshop on Radiation Safety and Radioactive Waste Management

Report of
FNCA2012 Workshop on
Radiation Safety and Radioactive Waste Management (RS&RWM) Project

July 10 - 13, 2012
Manila, The Philippines


The FNCA 2012 Workshop on Radiation Safety and Radioactive Waste Management (RS&RWM) was held from July 10 to 13 2012, in Manila, Philippines. This workshop was co-hosted by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan, and the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI). Sixteen researchers and experts from eleven FNCA member countries, namely Australia, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam participated in the workshop.
The first day was initiated with country reports from Australia, Bangladesh, China and Indonesia detailing the implementation of radiological protection for radiation workers in the respective countries as well as updates for the consolidated report on radiation safety drafted in 2010.
The open seminar on the progress of radiation safety control and radiation emergency response in Asia was held in the afternoon. It was attended by around 40 local participants from hospitals and governmental institutes such as PNRI, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), Philippine Army (PA), and Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP). FNCA Participants from Philippines, Australia, Japan, Indonesia and Vietnam gave presentations on national radiation emergency plan, training program for radiation emergency response, and lessons learned from TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi accidents, followed by an open forum. A poster session was also held during the open seminar. Some leaflets related to RS&RWM, personal dosimeters, and survey meters from the member countries were displayed.


The 2012 RS&RWM Workshop Open Seminar

Poster Session

On the second day, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam also gave a report, respectively. At the session of Discussion on Safety and Security of Disused Sources, Philippines, Malaysia, and Japan delivered lead speeches, followed by discussion.
A technical visit at Philippine Nuclear Research Institutes (PNRI) located in Quezon City was conducted on the third day. A tour of the Institute's major facilities which include the Emergency Response Centre, Nuclear Analytical Techniques laboratory, Co-60 Irradiation Facility, waste management facility, Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratory and the environmental monitoring laboratories was undertaken. After the visit, participants had a technical discussion for further improvement of RS&RWM in nuclear facilities.

Technical Tour and Discussion at Philippine Nuclear Research Institute

Discussions about the consolidated report on radiation safety which was drafted in 2010 were carried out on the forth day. Participants reviewed and compared report of each country suggesting areas for improvement as well as future plans. A discussion about project activities in 2012 and 2013 was also considered.
The workshop was officially closed with the remarks from Dr. Alumanda M. DELA ROSA, Director of the PNRI and Prof. Toshiso KOSAKO, UNIVESITY OF TOKYO.


Dr. Alumanda M. DELA ROSA

Prof. Toshiso KOSAKO


Session Summary of
FNCA2012 Workshop on
Radiation Safety and Radioactive Waste Management (RS&RWM) Project

July 10 - 13, 2012
Manila, The Philippines



Session I: Country Report Presentation
- Efforts to reduce occupational exposure/ Revision of Consolidated Report on Radiation Safety drafted in 2010 -

1) Australia
Ms. Lynn Tan, Group Leader of Intermediate Level Waste, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) presents about Australia's Radiation Protection Regulators, Australian Radiation Protection And Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA), radiation facilities and sources, radiological protection for radiation workers, and the mining industry. She introduced the activities of ANSTO in the implementation of control and reduction of occupational exposure.

2) Bangladesh
Dr. Moinul Islam, Principal Scientific Officer of Health Physics & Radioactive Waste Management Unit, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC) introduced about the structure of BAEC and Regulatory Authority, programmes and activities of Health Physics & Radioactive Waste Management Unit (HP & RWMU). He also introduced about the ongoing projects and activities in Bangladesh to reduce occupational exposure. The research activities relating with radioactive wastes management have also been discussed.

3) China
Mr. Zhang Jun, Director of Division of Health, Safety and Environmental Protection, Department of Safety and Environmental Protection, China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC) presented situation of individual dose from occupational exposures in China. There are some aspects that have to be explained such as: differences in quality assurance and the equipment used and fast pace in the changing of workers and their competency in radiation protection.

4) Indonesia
Dr. Syahrir, Head of Radiation Safety and Environment Division, Radioactive Waste Technology Center, National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia (BATAN) delivered a talk on the efforts to reduce occupational exposure in Indonesia. Based on RP review through IAEA expert mission 2006-2008, the BATAN Serpong has implemented its recommendations. Radiation Protection Commission for the BATAN Serpong was established in 2009. More unified RP activities were presented. Documents on Radiation Safety and Protection for BATAN Serpong were established. Some restrictions on high risk procedures to reduce occupational exposure were implemented as well.

5) Japan
Ms. Emi Imaizumi, Nuclear Safety Research Association updated Japan's report on Radiation Safety in her country report presentation. The consolidated report consists of two parts. In Part 1, Ms. Emi Imaizumi mentioned about the safety in Radioistope facility, general discussion on Legislative and Regulatory Framework in Japan. She outlined the radiation facilities and radiation sources. The education and training relating with nuclear industry also discussed in the country report. The number of successful applicants in national examinations for radiation protection supervisor is approximately 30 percent for the 1st class and 45 percent for 2nd class. The standardization on Radiation and Radioactivity had also been addressed.
In Part 2 of the country report Ms. Imaizumi briefly described the status of radiation safety management, which includes radiation safety control in RI facilities, radiation safety management in research reactor. The number of licensed hospitals and clinics using radiopharmaceuticals are 1,275 and the number of radiation workers including X-ray device handlers is 433,000. She added that the total number of radiation generators permitted by MEXT is 1,458.
Dr Eng. Yuji Matsuzoe, Manager, Research & Development Planing Sec.,Fine Technology Development Dept. Manufacturing Center, Tokyo Branch, Fuji Electric Co., Ltd. described in his country report presentation the damage caused by the great earthquake of magnitude 9.0 occurred in the northeast area of Japan on 11th March 2011. The area of hypocenter is presumed to be about 450 km in length, about 150 km in width. The maximum slide is presumed to be about 30 m. FUKUSHIMA No.1 nuclear plant has 6 nuclear reactors. Fukushima No1 nuclear plant is 220 km away from Tokyo. In 11th March 2011 Fukushima No.1 nuclear plant operated the No.1 to No.3 nuclear reactors. The whole region of Fukushima No.1 nuclear plant was flooded. The situation of the Tsunami which invaded to Fukushima No.1 nuclear plant. Tsunami attacked the waste tank over the breakwater of 10m height. In operation of the emergency D/G and the seawater pump due to Tsunami Nuclear Reactor Building was damaged by Hydrogen explosion & Fire. In the neighboring area of Fukushima No1 nuclear plant, the rubbles created by Tsunami have been contaminated with the radioactive material as the result of the explosion and made the treatment and recovery difficult. He explained the requirements of radiation monitoring in Fukushima region. Dr. Yuji described personal dose meter for both worker (High level) and resident (Low level). The post-environmental monitoring food contamination monitoring program were conducted. The contamination monitoring in car for gate system and watch system also addressed in the presentation. The ambient level of radioactivity (outside) measured by using a semiconductor detector and the latest information can be obtained from environmental radiation information on the web site of the Ministry of Education. Dr. Yuji informed that portable Environmental Monitoring Post 2 setting is possible where power supply construction is difficult and can be installed in parks or seaside areas. Food Contamination monitoring, after a nuclear plant accident, the security and safety of food produced in Fukushima and the neighboring prefectures is required. Particularly, the demand to inspect food from contamination is increasing. Dr. Yuji mentioned the new gate system for waste management system, which adapts a vehicle classification technology and a radiation detection technology. This gate system can detect radioactive materials in vehicles coming in.

6) Kazakhstan
Dr. Sandybeck Kunakov, Leading Science Fellow, Institute of Nuclear Physics, National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan provided the information of Research Reactor WWR-K, the reactor has been used for the fundamental and applied research in nuclear physics and neutron related sciences. WWR-K provides services and applications resulting from the reactor utilization and radioisotopes production for medical and industrial applications. The reactor commissioned in 1967 and continued operation until 1988 and safety upgrade, issuance of license in 1998 and re-started 1988-1998. Currently, the WWR-K reactor is used for radiation testing of advanced materials, and nuclear fusion reactors, the production of radioisotopes for medicine and industry, neutron activation analysis of elemental composition of different materials. Dr. Sandybeck provided information about the Legal frameworks in Kazakhstan and the Law of RK on Atomic Energy Use, Law of RK on Radiation Safety of Population, Basic Sanitary Rules for Radiation Safety Assurance, Ecology Code, General regulations on ensuring of research and power reactors safety, convention on Nuclear Safety Joint convention on the safety of spent fuel and rad wastes management. Dr. Sandybeck mentioned that the "Nuclear and radiation safety of research nuclear facilities", adopted by the Government Decree, July 1, 2010 and Technical requirement "Nuclear and radiation safety of NPP", adopted by the Government Decree, July 1, 2010. Dr. Sandybeck concluded presentation by describing Radiation Protection at the WWR-K reactor repair and maintenance of the radiation protection equipment.

7) Malaysia
Dr. Mohd Abd Wahab Bin YUSOF, Manager/Senior Research Officer of Waste Technology Development Centre, Malaysian Nuclear Agency shared their experience in the management of Lynas issues in Malaysia. Dr. Wahab mentioned the anti nuclear demonstration in Tokyo. Dr. Wahab informed about the Lynus project for rare-earth minerals in Gebeng, Kuantan, state of Pahang, Malaysia. On the 22 January 2008, Lynas was given a manufacturing licence to produce "rare earth oxides and carbonates" at Gebeng Industrial Estate, Kuantan. But due to the Fukushima accident on the 11 March 2011, people in Kuantan town started heavy opposition against the project. The Government took the actions called IAEA experts to review the radiation safety aspects of the plant. Documents related to the safety - open for public view and allow the public to visit the plant. The public (with their experts) join with the authorities to make inspections when the plant is in operation. Parliamentary select Committee recommended the temporary operating License to Lynas. Dr. Wahab concluded that the future NPP programme in Malaysia need to have an effective communication plan.

8) Mongolia
Ms.Oyuntulkhuur NAVAANGALSAN, Head of Radiation Regulatory Department, Nuclear and Radiation Regulatory Authority, Nuclear Energy Agency informed status of radiation protection infrastructure in Mongolia. She also updated action carried out related to efforts to reduce occupational exposures. There are three regulations on radiation safety (standard, sanitation dan transport) that are currently updated. At the moment there is no personnel internal monitoring in Mongolia. IAEA will give technical assistance for establishment of SSDL on 2013/14. In respond to the threat of nuclear smuggling, Mongolia is equipped with 12 portal radiation detection monitors in 12 major international border ports; another 7 monitors will be installed in 2 border ports. After Fukushima accident, more than 14,000 imported vehicles were monitored; 43 of the vehicles were contaminated above national standard on surface contamination.

9) Philippines
Ms. Maria V. B. Palattao, Head of Regulation and Standard Development Section, Nuclear Regulatory Division, Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI) overviewed on radiation safety regulation, NPP program, emergency response during Fukushima accident. She also updated status of radiation safety in nuclear facilities. Comprehensive nuclear regulation and safety act has to passed by Philippine Congress. Decommissioning of the Philippine Research Reactor is under PNRI inspection and the authorisation will expire in 2013. Decommissioning plan of the reactor is under completion. Bataan NPP is now nuclear free but still under nuclear safeguards inspection by PNRI. PNRI has selected a low/intermediate radioactive waste disposal site in a hilly location. Although the government issued a moratorium on its nuclear energy program, it still have its commitment on the development of nuclear energy. Philippine has been conducting public perception survey on nuclear energy for power generation as a long-term option. During the Fukushima accident, RADPLAN were used to conduct radiological environmental monitoring across the country. In general, no monitoring results caused for an alarm.

10) Thailand
Ms. Nanthavan Ya-anant, Head of Radioactive Waste Management Section, Radioactive Waste Management Center, Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (TINT) provided overview on radiation safety in RI facilities and status of radiation safety management in Thailand. Atomic Energy for Peace Act is under revision. She outlined legal framework on atomic energy and radiation facilities and sources. The external personnel monitoring services in Department of Medical Science, Ministry of Health has ISO-17025 accreditation. Ms. Ya-anant also summarizes radiation protection services in reactor and Radioactive Waste Management Center. Effort to reduce occupational exposure was suggested through ALARA concept. She also described three basic method to reduce external exposure, i.e. time, distance and shielding, and source reduction.

11) Vietnam
Dr. Nguyen Ba Tien, Director of Center for RWM and Environment, Institute for Technology of Radioactive and Rare Elements (ITRRE), Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM) discussed the strengthening of the infrastructure for radiation safety control, education and training and standardization on Radiation and Radioactivity. Vietnam has cooperation with JICA Japan on EIA for NPP project and develops environmental monitoring program for the future NPPs. Besides education and training on radiation and nuclear safety conducted by …, universities are also involved in producing graduates in nuclear science and engineering, and reference radioisotope sources. INST (Hanoi) and NRI (Dalat) provide personal monitoring services for the radiation workers in the whole country; the results are reported to VAEI and VARANS. INST(Hanoi) operates and maintains a SSDL for national standard radiation dosimetry and calibration of radiation protection instruments.

Session II: Discussion on Safety and Security of Disused Sources

1) Philippines
Ms Editha Marcelo, Senior Science Research Specialist, Nuclear Services Division/ Radiation Protection Services Section, Philippines Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI) delivered a presentation on the Safety and Security of Disused Sources at the PNRI waste management facility. In her presentation she introduces the PNRI's RWM infrastructure which the group will be visiting tomorrow. The RWM facilities hold both Radwaste and disused sources. These disused sources are mainly from hospitals, research and education centres and industrial applications. There is approximately 1160 disused (DS) sources namely Sr 90 and Cs 137 which make up the bulk part. Majority of the DS are Cat 5 sources. The management options for disused sources, in order of preference are: return to supplier, transfer to another authorised user, decay storage, and finally if the aforementioned options were exhausted, PNRI will retrieve the DS for disposal in its centralised RWM facility. The DS used to be cemented into drums but an alternate disposal route (boreholes disposal) is being investigated and hence sources are now simply placed into appropriately labeled 200L drum and stored in shielded bunkers.
PNRI has also conditioned 560mg of radium sources in welded stainless steel cans. Spent resins are presently stored in drums after drying, although an alternative is being investigated in view of increased Spent resins volume that will arise from the decommissioning of the reactor.

2) Malaysia
Dr. Wahab presented about the status of safety and security of disused radioactive sources in Malaysia including legal framework, Radiation Safety & Security Infrastructure and its improvement, border control and enhancing emergency response capabilities.
He mentioned that Malaysia exists independent Regulatory Authority and legislation and regulation has been established. Arrangements for radiation safety training, radiation protection services and radioactive waste management services are in place.
As he presented, Malaysia is committed to implementing safety and security measures and it is continuously enhancing capability and capacity in enhancing safety and security. He expressed that Malaysia encourages transparency in safety and security matters and it believes in strong regional network and cooperation in promoting safety and security. Regional human capital development is vital in ensuring effective implementation of safety and security initiatives, he said.

3) Japan
Prof. Toshiso Kosako, Professor of Nuclear Professional School, Graduate School of Engineering, The University of Tokyo presented about the flow of regulatory control of radioisotopes and radioactive material supply. He mentioned that 99.7% of radioactive materials are imported and supplied through Japan Radio Isotope Association (JRIA) and all imported materials are sealed sources used for medical, industry, research etc. JRIA is non governmental organization and it provides services to users on import, export, install, uninstall, technical support for domestic transport, check and keep of the sources, technological training courses for safe use etc.
He presented about the national source register system and also export/import control system in Japan. Also he mentioned that approx. 99% of imported sealed sources will be exported /returned to the country of origin/ approx.90%. It means approx. 10% of disused radioactive sources remain in Japan.
He concluded the unique feature of management of radioactive sources in Japan:
  - Through management for radioactive sources by the regulatory system
  - Centrelizad system by JRIA provides to licensees a simple and secure process for supply of radioactive sources
     and recovery of radioactive sources.
He also expressed that, Japan support and comply with CoC and import, export management based on the IAEA guidance.

Session III: Technical Tour - Case Study of Philippines Nuclear Research Institutes (PNRI) -
Participants visited the PNRI facilities located in Quezon city in Manila. An introductory video giving an overview of its facilities and operations of PNRI was shown to the participants. The participants were then given a site tour of the various facilities including the Emergency Response Centre, Nuclear Analytical Techniques laboratory, Co-60 Irradiation Facility, waste management facility, Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratory and the environmental monitoring laboratories.

Session IV: Technical Discussion
- For further improvement of the nuclear facilities in FNCA countries -
In general all participants are unanimous that radiation safety at all facilities, where radioactive materials are used, should be given priority and well maintained. All workers are given personal monitoring devices. Area monitoring devices and survey meter are always used to monitor radiation level. The facilities are also inspected once a year by the regulators. However, there are a number of measures that the PNRI could undertake to improve the safety such as clear demarcation of working area with notices and more radiation signs.
It comes into view that the conditioned disused sealed radioactive sources (DSRS) are well managed. They are kept in two long term temporary storage facilities. The other DSRS are kept in an area where they are waiting for conditioning in future. Nobody is being allowed to enter these areas (storage facilities and working area) except staff of radioactive waste management centre or other people approved by the PNRI. Security measures are also in placed.
With regards to the emergency response, it demonstrates that PNRI is well prepared if in case any incident or accident happens in Philippines. Emergency staffs are well trained and equipped with emergency equipments.
One of the good practices is that the analytical laboratory is accredited under the ISO/IEC 17025-General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories. This is essential to maintain its standard.
Regarding the PNRI staff, it is suggested that they enhance their knowledge and capabilities in radiation safety and related technology. These can be done by having training or go for further study for master or PhD degree.

Session V: Wrap-up Discussion - Summary of Workshop and Future Proposals -
Participants reviewed the draft of consolidated report on radiation safety updated in March 2012. They compared the report of each country and discussed how and where to improve it.
After discussion about the future steps and schedule for the project activities in 2012-2013, it was agreed to hold the next meeting in Mongolia. The summary for each session is attached as Annex 3. The workshop minutes were drafted and agreed by all the participants, and will be reported at the 14th Coordinators Meeting to be held in March 2013, in Japan.


Minutes of
FNCA2012 Workshop on
Radiation Safety and Radioactive Waste Management (RS&RWM) Project

July 10 - 13, 2012
Manila, The Philippines



1) Outline of Workshop
 
i) Date: 10 - 13 July, 2012
ii) Venue: Manila, The Philippines
iii) Host Organizations: Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT),
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI)
iv) Participants: 16 from 11 countries (Australia, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, The Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam)
v) Program: Annex 1

2) Program
The FNCA 2012 Workshop on Radiation Safety and Radioactive Waste Management (RS&RWM) was held from July 10th to 13th 2012, in Manila, The Philippines. This workshop was co-hosted by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japan and Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI).
Sixteen representatives from eleven FNCA member countries involved in the policymaking, regulatory, operations and research and development of radiation safety and radioactive waste management attended the workshop. They include Australia, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, The Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. The program for the workshop is attached as Annex 1.

[ Opening Session ]
On behalf of the Philippine Nuclear Research Institutes (PNRI), Mr. Teofilo V. Leonin Jr., Chief of the Nuclear Regulatory Division in PNRI declared the opening of the workshop with a welcoming speech. He heartily welcomed all the participants to The Philippines and the workshop, wishing all a fruitful outcome. As a representative of Japan, Professor Toshiso Kosako of the University of Tokyo expressed his deep appreciation to the PNRI for generously hosting the workshop. He encouraged all participants to share with each other their experience and information regarding Radiation Safety and Radioactive Waste Management (RS&RWM) in their respective countries. This is followed by the introduction of each participant of the workshop. The list of participants at the workshop is attached as Annex 2.

[ Session I ] Country Report Presentation
- Efforts to reduce occupational exposure/ Revision of Consolidated Report on Radiation Safety drafted in 2010 -
Eleven country reports were presented, detailing the implementation of radiological protection for radiation workers in the respective countries. Additional information, mainly in the area of radiation safety management, radiation protection training, and development of regulatory documentation, were provided for the updating of the drafted 2010 FNCA consolidated report. The brief summary of each report is attached in Annex 3.

[ Open Seminar ] Progress of Radiation Safety Control and Radiation Emergency Response in Asia
An open seminar on progress of radiation safety control and radiation emergency response in Asia was held in the afternoon of July 10. It was attended by around 40 local people from hospitals and governmental institutes such as PNRI, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration, Philippine Army (PA), and Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP). After a brief opening remarks by both Mr. Leonin, and Prof. Kosako, the first presentation on Radiation Emergency Response in the Philippines was given by Mr. Leonin. He describes the country’s National Radiological Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan (RADPLAN), training program for emergency response, and the actions taken in response to the Fukushima-1 accident.
Prof. Kosako followed with a presentation on the lessons learned from the Fukushima-1 accident. He provided various monitoring data measured post the event and emphasized the importance of harmonization between the international guide of radiation protection and its national guide. His presentation also covered an overview of the System for Prediction of Environmental Emergency Dose Information (SPEEDI) and the radiation risk to human.
Ms. Lynn Tan, the Group Leader of Intermediate Level Waste in Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO) gave a talk on Radiation Safety Control and Emergency Response in Australia. She introduced the structure of emergency management in Australia and provided an overview of the interactions between the various response plans from the local to the district, state and national levels. Dr. Syahrir, the Head of Radiation Safety and Environment Division of the Radioactive Waste Technology Center in the National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia (BATAN) provided information on the licensing status in the health sector, as well as other industry and research fields as outlined in the consolidated report on radiation safety. He also described the safety inspection for different sectors of facilities, showing related data.

Dr. Nguyen Ba Tien, Director of Center for RWM and Environment in the Institute for Technology of Radioactive and Rare Elements (ITRRE) in Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM), gave a presentation on the status of radiation safety in Vietnam. He briefly explained the regulatory system, including the structure of its regulatory body, and provided some specific data on the number of facilities and sealed sources in their healthcare system.
After the above five presentations, other member countries, namely Bangladesh, China, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mongolia and Thailand provided comments on the current issues in their counties.
Open seminar closes with a welcome address from Dr. Alumanda M. Dela Rosa, the Director of PNRI who cordially welcomed all the participants, and emphasized on the importance of the FNCA project in view of the plan for nuclear power generation in many Asian countries in the next decade.

[ Session II ] Discussion on Safety and Security of Disused Sources
There were three presentations by The Philippines, Malaysia and Japan, each followed by a discussion session. Ms. Editha A.Marcelo, the Senior Science Research Specialist in the Nuclear Services Division/ Radiation Protection Services Section of PNRI introduced the institute’s current situation with regards to the safety and security of disused sources. Her presentation covered PNRI’s existing radioactive waste management (RWM) infrastructure, it’s regulations on RWM, generators of disused sources, the inventory, security and safety of their disused sources, including their current initiatives in this area. Dr. Mohd Abd Wahab Bin Yusof, the Manager of the Waste Technology Development Centre in the Malaysian Nuclear Agency provided an update on Malaysia’s capabilities in securing the Malaysian international border from illicit trafficking of radioactive sources and its radiation monitoring system. Prof. Toshiso Kosako introduced the current status of the safety and security of disused sources in Japan and the management of those sources through a well-defined regulatory system overseeing the supply and returned of sources by the Japan Radioisotope Association (JRIA).

[ Session III ] Technical Tour - Case Study of Philippines Nuclear Research Institutes (PNRI) -
Participants visited the PNRI facilities located in Quezon city in Manila. An introductory video giving an overview of its facilities and operations of PNRI was shown to the participants. The participants were then given a site tour of the various facilities including the Emergency Response Centre, Nuclear Analytical Techniques laboratory, Co-60 Irradiation Facility, waste management facility, Secondary Standard Dosimetry Laboratory and the environmental monitoring laboratories.

[ Session IV ] Technical Discussion
- For further improvement of the nuclear facilities in FNCA countries -

After inspecting the facilities in PNRI, participants had a discussion for further improvement not only of the PNRI facilities but also of the nuclear facilities in their countries.
In general all participants are unanimous that radiation safety at all facilities, where radioactive materials are used, should be given priority and well maintained. All workers are given personal monitoring devices. Area monitoring devices and survey meter are always used to monitor radiation level. The facilities are also inspected once a year by the regulators. However, there are a number of measures that the PNRI could undertake to improve the safety such as clear demarcation of working area with notices and more radiation signs.
It comes into view that the conditioned disused sealed radioactive sources (DSRS) are well managed. They are kept in two long term temporary storage facilities. The other DSRS are kept in an area where they are waiting for conditioning in future. Nobody is being allowed to enter these areas (storage facilities and working area) except staff of radioactive waste management centre or other people approved by the PNRI. Security measures are also in place.
With regards to the emergency response, it demonstrates that PNRI is well prepared if in case any incident or accident happens in Philippines. Emergency staff are well trained and equipped with emergency equipment.
One of the good practices is that the analytical laboratory is accredited under the ISO/IEC 17025-General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories. This is essential to maintain its standard.
Regarding the PNRI staff, it is suggested that they enhance their knowledge and capabilities in radiation safety and related technology. These can be done by having training or go for further study for master or PhD degree.

[ Session V ] Wrap-up Discussion - Summary of Workshop and Future Proposals -
Participants reviewed the draft of consolidated report on radiation safety updated in March 2012. They compared the report of each country and discussed how and where to improve it.
After discussion about the future steps and schedule for the project activities in 2012-2013, it was agreed to hold the next workshop in Mongolia. The summary for each session is attached as Annex 3. The workshop minutes was drafted and agreed by all the participants, and will be reported at the 14th Coordinators Meeting to be held in March 2013, in Japan.

[ Closing Session ]
With the closing remarks form Dr. Alumanda M. Dela Rosa and Prof. Kosako, the workshop was officially adjourned.

Attachments
   Annex 1 - Program
   Annex 2 - List of Participants
   Annex 3 - Summary of Each Session


Program of
FNCA2012 Workshop on
Radiation Safety and Radioactive Waste Management (RS&RWM) Project

July 10 - 13, 2012
Manila, The Philippines



Tuesday 10 July 2012
08:30 - 09:00 Registration
  PNRI Staff
Opening Session
09:00 - 09:15 Welcome Remarks from PNRI
  Dr. Alumanda M. Dela Rosa, PNRI Director
09:15 - 09:25 Opening Address from PL of Japan
  Prof. Toshiso Kosako
09:25 - 09:45 Group Photo / Coffee Break
Session I: Country Report Presentation
Efforts to reduce occupational exposure / Revision of Consolidated Report on Radiation Safety drafted in 2010
(Presentation 20 mins + Q & A 10 mins)
Co-Chair: Dr. Nguyen Ba Tien, Ms Maria V. B. Palattao
09:45 - 10:15 (1) Australia
  Ms. Lynn Tan
10:15 - 10:45 (2) Bangladesh
  Dr. M. Moinul Islam
10:45 - 11:15 (3) China
  Mr. Zhang Jun
11:15 - 11:45 (4) Indonesia
  Dr. Syahrir
11:45 - 13:00 Lunch Break
Open Seminar : Progress of Radiation Safety Control and Radiation Emergency Response in Asia
Moderator: Ms. Victoria Fe O. Medina
13:00 - 13:30 Registration
PNRI Staff
13:30 - 13:40 Opening Remarks from PNRI/PL of Japan
  Mr. Teofilo V. Leonin, Jr.Chief, PNRI NRD
  Prof. Toshiso Kosako
13:40 - 14:00 (1) Radiation Emergency Response in Philippines Qs & As (5mins)
  Mr. Teofilo V. Leonin, Jr.Chief, PNRI Nuclear Regulations Division
14:00 - 14:30 (2) Radiation Emergency Response in Japan Lessons learned from Fukushima and Other Radiation Accidents Qs & As (10mins)
  Prof. Toshiso Kosako
14:50 - 15:10 (3) Status of Radiation Control in Australia Qs & As (5mins)
  Ms. Lynn Tan
15:10 - 15:30 Break / Poster Session
15:30 - 15:50 (4) Status of Radiation Control in Indonesia Qs & As (5mins)
  Dr. Syahrir
15:50 - 16:10 (5) Status of Radiation Control in Vietnam Qs & As (5mins)
  Dr. Nguyen Ba Tien
16:10 - 17:00 · Comments from Bangladesh, China, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, and Thailand about their
  recent Issues on Radiation Safety Control.

· Discussion
  All
Opening Party
 
Wednesday 11 July 2012
Session I (Cont.): Country Report Presentation
- Efforts to Reduce Occupational Exposure/Update of Consolidated Report on Radiation Safety drafted in 2010 -
(Presentation 20 minutes + Q & A 10 minutes)
Chair: Dr. M. Moinul ISLAM、Dr. Syahrir
09:00 - 09:40 (5) Japan (Presentation 30 minutes + Q & A 10 minutes)
  Dr. Eng. Yuji Matsuzoe
09:40 - 10:10 (6) Kazakhstan
  Dr. Sandybeck Kunakov
10:10 - 10:40 (7) Malaysia
  Dr. Mohd Abd Wahab Bin Yusof
10:40 - 11:00 Coffee Break
11:00 - 11:30 (8) Mongolia
  Ms. Oyuntulkhuur Navaangalsan
11:30 - 12:00 (9) Philippines
  Ms. Maria V. B. Palattao
12:00 - 13:00 Lunch Break
13:00 - 13:30 (10) Thailand
  Ms. Nanthavan Ya-anant
13:30 - 14:00 (11) Vietnam
  Dr. Nguyen Ba Tien
14:00 - 14:30 Comprehensive Discussion
  All
14:30 - 14:45 Coffee Break
Session II: Discussion on Safety and Security of Disused Sources
(Presentation: 20 mins + Discussion: 20 mins)
Chair: Ms. Oyuntulkhuur Navaangalsan, Ms. Lynn Tan
14:45 - 15:05 Lead Speech: Philippines
  Ms. Editha Marcelo
15:05 - 15:25 Discussion
  All
15:25 - 15:45 Lead Speech: Malaysia
  Dr. Mohd Abd Wahab Bin Yusof
15:45 - 16:05 Discussion
  All
16:05 - 16:25 Lead Speech: Japan
  Prof. Toshiso Kosako
16:25 - 16:45 Discussion
  All
 
Thursday 12 July 2012
08:30 Leave Hotel for Philippines Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI)
Session III: Technical Tour
- Case Study of Philippines Nuclear Research Institutes (PNRI) -
09:30 - 09:45 Introduction of Radiation Safety in PNRI Facilities
  All
09:45 - 12:00 Facility Visit and Discussion
  All
12:00 - 13:00 Lunch Break
Session IV: Technical Discussion
- For Further Improvement of RS&RWM in Nuclear Facilities -
Chair: Dr. Mohd Abd Wahab Bin YUSOF, Dr.Sandybeck Kunakov
13:00 - 15:00 Review and Exchanging Opinion for Further Improvement of RS&RWM in PNRI and nuclear facilities in FNCA countries
  All
Welcome Reception hosted by PNRI
 
Friday 13 July 2012
Session V: Wrap-up Discussion
- Summary of Workshop and Proposals for 2013 -
Chair: Ms. Nanthavan Ya-anant, Mr. ZHANG Jun
09:30 - 10:15 Lead Speech: Review of Consolidated Report on Radiation SafetyDiscussion
  Prof. Toshiso Kosako, Ms. Emi Imaizumi
10:15 - 10:45 Summary of Workshop (Schedule and Proposals for 2013)
  Prof. Toshiso Kosako, Ms. Maria V. B. Palattao
10:45 - 11:15 Coffee Break
11:15 - 12:00 Meeting Minutes Drafting & Adoption
Closing Session
12:00 - 12:15 Closing Remarks
  Dr. Alumanda M. Dela Rosa


List of Participants
FNCA2012 Workshop on
Radiation Safety and Radioactive Waste Management (RS&RWM) Project

July 10 - 13, 2012
Manila, The Philippines


Australia

Ms. Lynn TAN
Group Leader, Intermediate Level Waste,
Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation(ANSTO)

Bangladesh

Dr. M. Moinul ISLAM (PL)
Principal Scientific Officer,
Health Physics & Radioactive Waste Management Unit,
Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission(BAEC)

China

Prof. ZHANG Jun
Director,
Division of Health, Safety and Environmental Protection,
Department of Safety and Environmental Protection,
China National Nuclear Corporation (CNNC)

Indonesia

Dr. Syahrir (PL)
Head,
Radiation Safety and Environment Division,
Radioactive Waste Technology Center,
National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia (BATAN)

Japan

Prof. Toshiso KOSAKO (PL)
Professor,
Nuclear Professional School,
Graduate School of Engineering,
The University of Tokyo

Dr., Eng. Yuji MATSUZOE
Manager, Research & Development Planing Sec.,
Fine Technology Development Dept. Manufacturing Center,
Tokyo Branch, Fuji Electric Co., Ltd.

Ms. Emi IMAIZUMI (Secretariat)
International Affairs and Research Department,
Nuclear Safety Research Association (NSRA)

Kazakhstan

Dr.Sandybek KUNAKOV
Leading Science Fellow, Institute of Nuclear Physics,
National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Malaysia

Dr. Mohd Abd Wahab Bin YUSOF (PL)
Manager/Senior Researh Officer,
Waste Technology Development Centre,
Malaysian Nuclear Agency

Mongolia

Ms. Oyuntulkhuur NAVAANGALSAN (PL)
Head,
Radiation Regulatory Department,
Nuclear and Radiation Regulatory Authority,
Nuclear Energy Agency

Philippines

Ms. Maria Visitacion B. Palattao (PL)
Head,
Regulation and Standard Development Section,
Nuclear Regulatory Division,
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI)

Ms. Cecilia De Vera Morlones
Senior Science Research Specialist,
Radiological Impact Assesment Section,
Philippines Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI)

Ms. Editha Marcelo Antonino
Senior Science Research Specialist,
Nuclear Services Division/ Radiation Protection Services Section,
Philippines Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI)

Ms. Rosario Encabo Resaba
Science Research Specialist II,
Atomic Research Division/ Health Physics Research,
Philippines Nuclear Research Institute (PNRI)

Thailand

Ms. Nanthavan Ya-anant
Head,
Radioactive Waste Management Section,
Radioactive Waste Management Center,
Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology (TINT)

Vietnam

Dr. NGUYEN Ba Tien
Director of Center for RWM and Environment,
Institute for Technology of Radioactive and Rare Elements (ITRRE),
Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM)




Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia