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3rd-4th March 2021, Online
Summary Report
Program
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Presentations

Mar 7th 2019, Japan
Summary Report
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Mar 23th 2018, Japan
Summary Report
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Mar 8-9th 2017, Japan
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Mar 10th 2016, Japan
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"Study Panel on the Approaches toward Infrastructure Development for Nuclear Power" (2009-)
6th: Aug 26th -27th 2014, Vietnam
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5th: Aug 22th - 23th 2013, Japan
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4th: Jul 26th - 27th 2012, Thailand
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3rd: Jul 5th - 6th 2011, Indonesia
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2nd: Jul 1st - 2nd 2010, Korea
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1st: Jul 30th 31st 2009, Tokyo
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"Study Panel for Cooperation in the Field of Nuclear Energy in Asia" (2007-2008)
2nd: Sep 1st - 2nd 2008, Tokyo
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1st: Oct 30th - 31st 2007, Tokyo
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"Role of Nuclear Energy for Sustainable Development in Asia" (2004-2006)
3rd: Nov 1st - 2nd 2006, Tsuruga
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2nd: Jan 25th - 26th 2006, Tokyo
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1st: Oct 20th - 21st 2004, Tokyo
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Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA)
“FNCA 2021 Study Panel”

Participants Photo

The 2021 Study Panel of Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA) was held from 3 to 4 March 2021 virtually, hosted by Cabinet Office of Japan (CAO) and Japan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC). The Panel was attended by representatives from the eleven FNCA member countries (Australia, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam), as well as the guest speakers from Slovakia, the Republic of Korea and Japan.

1. Background of Study Panel
Within the framework of the Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA), the "Climate Change Science Project" was launched in 2018 under the leadership of Australia. With the participation of all member countries, the project is currently in its second phase (4th year). Meanwhile, international efforts such as the Paris Agreement and the pledge of Carbon Neutrality by 2050 have been expanded to address climate change. In light of these circumstances, a study panel on the theme of "Nuclear Isotopic Technology and Climate Change" was organized to revitalize the activities being carried out under this project by improving our understanding of the contributions made by nuclear science and technologies, with a particular focus on the role of radioactive isotopes, in order to address climate change issues. At this study panel meeting, key-note speeches were delivered by Prof. Pavel POVINEC (Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia) and Dr. HIROSE Katsumi (Principal Researcher, Laboratory for Environmental Research at Mount Fuji, Japan). Furthermore, the study theme was discussed in three sessions: an "Aquatic" session, a "Terrestrial" session, and a "Food and Agriculture" session. To facilitate knowledge sharing, each of these sessions consisted of a lead speech followed by national perspective reports presented by member countries. The lead speakers were as follows: Dr. SAKAGUCHI Aya (Associate Professor, University of Tsukuba, Japan) in the "Aquatic" session; Dr. Sang-Han LEE (Principal Research Scientist, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science, South Korea) in the "Terrestrial" session; and Dr. Debashish MAZUMDER (Project Leader, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation, Australia) in the "Food and Agriculture" session. Each session proved to be a success owing to the valuable presentations by the lead speakers and the national perspective reports presented by the member countries addressing political approaches to tackling climate change and the status of concrete actions relevant to the theme in each of the respective countries.

2. Speech Summary

Key-Note Speech I
"Isotopes as Tracers of Climate Change: Atmosphere-Biosphere-Ocean Studies"
 

Dr. Pavel POVINEC, Professor of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia
・Summary
Variation analysis has been conducted on stable isotopes (2H,18O) and radioactive isotopes (including cosmogenic isotopes, such as 10B and 14C) recorded in tree rings, ice cores, and marine sediments as tracers of climate change to not only trace climate change in ancient times, but also conduct factor analysis of climate change caused in modern times by increased greenhouse gas emissions, changes in the sun-earth orbital parameters, and the solar activity cycle. The dramatic rise in fossil fuel consumption since the end of World War II is predicted to destroy the global environment, and this analysis result has compelled human beings to shift from an egocentric approach to an eco-centric approach that values all flora and fauna, including humans. The pronounced rise in the Earth's surface temperature that has been observed since the beginning of the twentieth century has been accompanied by an increase in atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions, such as CO2 and methane gases. In the next 100 years, will we be able to control the effects of anthropogenic greenhouse gasses? Will natural solar activity cause global warming? Will we live through another Little Ice Age? Or will we experience a mixture of all of these phenomena? In order to adequately predict future climate change, we need to collect high-quality data on radionuclides, analyze them to gain a correct understanding of past climate change, and then deepen our understanding of the relationship between anthropogenic activities and natural processes.


Key-Note Speech II
 

"Monitoring of Environmental Change Due to Nuclear Techniques: Development from Radiometric Analysis to Mass Spectrometry Techniques"
Dr. HIROSE Katsumi, Principal Researcher, Laboratory for Environmental Research at Mount Fuji, Japan

  ・Summary
Global warming often triggers abnormal weather events associated with hazardous phenomena such as floods, droughts, and the melting of glaciers, thereby endangering not only the global environment but also human society. The sustainability of human society depends heavily on our ability to correctly evaluate the impact of climate change on the future environment of the Earth, so it is crucial that we acquire a deeper scientific understanding of the effects of human activities on climate change. Stable and radioactive isotopes can provide a useful means of analyzing the effects that climate change has on environmental change. Moreover, many isotopes are used as identification information and tracers for radioactivity monitoring through nuclear fission in order to trace the geophysical and biogeochemical processes of environmental change. With isotope analysis using accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) technologies, such as inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), detailed information on radionuclides can be obtained using small volume samples. In particular, conducting AMS on plutonium, the most important target radionuclide for radioactivity monitoring, is extremely useful because its long half-life allows us to trace the processes of changing atmosphere, soil, and oceans. Furthermore, the long-term monitoring of anthropogenic radionuclides is extremely important in assessing the effects of radioactive substances produced by nuclear power facilities.

Session 3 ("Aquatic"): Lead Speech
 

"Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Analyses of Ultra-Trace Radionuclides in the Environment: Application to the Geosciences Study"
Dr. SAKAGUCHI Aya, Associate Professor, University of Tsukuba, Japan

  ・Summary
In terms of methods for measuring radionuclides and their application in geoscience studies, recent advances in the analytical instruments and methods used in the chemical processing of samples have enabled the measurement of ultra-trace radionuclides present in the environment. More specifically, improved accuracy in the measurement of minute amounts of medium and long half-life radionuclides using AMS has facilitated the measurement of 233U, 236U, and 238U, which are extremely useful in conducting applied research to clarify environmental dynamics, such as the seawater circulation system, and as new indexes for detecting environmental contamination by uranium. As one of my more challenging research subjects, the study is being made on the measurability of 135Ba by using AMS in combination with chemical separation methods with the aim of developing a method of measuring 135Cs, which is an important nuclide for radiation protection and the analysis of environmental dynamics. Moreover, since 237Np is considered an important nuclide in terms of nuclide behavior analysis and radiation exposure control, certain results have been obtained from a study of methods used for the production, separation, and recovery of the spike (236Np) that is necessary for the measurement of 237Np using AMS. Since various types of radionuclides are present in the environment, understanding their behavior and developing methods for measuring them can provide a wide range of applications, especially in the geoscience field.

National Perspectives
  Participants from China, Indonesia, and the Philippines presented reports about their national positions on global environmental problems and initiatives regarding isotope technologies for aquatic research in their respective countries. In the Q&A session, participants discussed the handling of cesium as an ion source, uranium concentration in sea water, and uncertainty of data.

Session 4 ("Terrestrial"): Lead Speech
 

"Surveillance of Radioactivity in Terrestrial Materials and Quality Control of Data"
Dr. Sang-Han LEE, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS), South Korea

  ・Summary
In South Korea, problems associated with radiation contamination have been gaining increased attention from the general public, which in turn has intensified demand for the comprehensive surveillance of the impact of radioactive materials on the environment. According to guidelines for food radioactivity levels in South Korea, the levels for radionuclides such as iodine (131I) and cesium (134Cs + 137Cs) are, similar to the standards used in Japan, set to the most restrictive limits (100 Bq/kg) in the world. In a random inspection of approximately 30,000 samples/year of Japanese food imports, all of the detected cesium levels were far below the limit set in the guidelines. After the Fukushima accident, the results of monitoring of soil samples obtained from sites throughout South Korea indicated that, with the exception of samples obtained from volcanic islands, most of the detected isotope levels, including those for cesium (137Cs), americium (241Am), and plutonium (239Pu, 240Pu), were comparable to the levels found pre-Fukushima accident Furthermore, when the integrated deposition density values (unit: Bq/m2) were calculated for each of these three isotopes were consistent to the global fallout values, the results revealed that the two sets of values were roughly the same. Also, mass ratio of plutonium samples (239Pu, 240Pu) that was conducted using ICP-MS showed that the origins of these isotopes were the global fallout, not the Fukushima's origin. Although high levels of iodine and cesium were observed in rainfall samples obtained immediately after the Fukushima accident, normal levels were restored within several months and the effect of the Fukushima accident diminished after one year. Furthermore, the results of an assessment of the effective dose rates measured in food samples made using samples of mushrooms and fishery products showed that the detected values of the isotopes were less than the annual effective dose rates (1mSv/year) for a human being. As the general public in South Korea has shown a growing interest in the amount of naturally occurring radioactive material (NORM) found in daily commodities, appropriate regulations and legislation have been established. For the measurement of environmental radionuclides, the performance of quality assurance/quality control (QA/QC) for the methodology and data management are of the utmost importance, and KRISS has also been working on the development and manufacturing of certified reference materials (CRMs) in accordance with ISO guide 35.

National Perspectives
  Participants from Kazakhstan, Malaysia, and Thailand presented reports about their basic national positions on global environmental problems and initiatives regarding isotope technologies for terrestrial research in their respective countries. In the Q&A session, participants discussed the challenges and benefits of the 210Pb sedimentation dating method as well as methods for inspecting rare earth elements by using neutron activation analysis.

Session 5 ("Food and Agriculture"): Lead Speech
 

"21st Century Nuclear Techniques and Research for Food Safety, Food Provenance and Agriculture"
Dr. Debashish MAZUMDER, Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO), Australia

  ・Summary
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 420,000 people die every year due to pathogens and chemical substances contaminating food. The expansion of the import and export market for food has led to the growing problem of food fraud around the world, which presumably causes significant economic losses. Consequently, food fraud, food safety, and traceability have become increasingly important in the world food industry. In light of this, ANSTO has developed a technology model by combining component/isotope analysis and statistical analysis techniques to ensure food origin identification and traceability. Currently in the testing stage, this model has demonstrated an accuracy of 80% or more so ANSTO plans to promote it both domestically and abroad. The ultimate goal for food origin identification technologies is to give consumers a sense of security when they purchase food by providing them with a tool that will allow them to accurately identify food provenance, thereby helping to boost consumer spending and eventually contribute to the social economy.

National Perspectives
  Participants from Bangladesh, Mongolia, and Vietnam presented reports about their national positions on global environmental problems and initiatives regarding isotope technologies for research into food and agriculture in their respective countries. In the Q&A session, participants discussed measures aimed at preventing the damage caused by harmful rumors about the radioactive contamination of food as well as the utilization status and public acceptance of food irradiation.

3. Summary of Study Panel 2021

As chair of the meeting, Mr. SANO Toshio (Vice Chairman of JAEC) gave the following remarks to summarize the key points.

  • The objectives of this meeting were to share experiences and knowledge regarding the causes of climate change and relevant investigation methods among member countries and to use this information to promote the utilization of nuclear science and technologies in each country. The findings presented by the five guest speakers and the challenges brought into focus through the discussions held by the meeting participants will all prove useful and beneficial for future activities. Consequently, it was concluded that the objectives of today's meeting were successfully accomplished.
  • The participants understand that, in facing the tremendous challenge of climate change, the radiation science and technologies covered by the theme of this meeting have great potential as excellent tools for clarifying the climate change system through marine and soil studies, ensuring food security, and developing robust agricultural practices.

Furthermore, interacting with the guest speakers allowed the participants to gain great benefits in relation to the future activities of their respective countries. The network built through these interactions will hopefully expand further going forward.
Finally, at the close of the meeting, Mr. SANO expressed his deep appreciation for the proactive involvement of those who participated in this 2-day online meeting.



Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA)
“FNCA 2021 Study Panel”
Programme

Date: 3-4 March 2021
Venue: Online
Organized by: Cabinet Office (CAO) Government of Japan
Japan Atomic Energy Committee (JAEC)
Chair Mr. SANO Toshio, Commissioner of JAEC
Theme "Nuclear Isotopic Technology and Climate Change"

Wednesday, 3 March *JST
Session 1: Opening *OPEN TO PRESS
17:00 - 17:15
1. Opening Remarks (Dr. UESAKA Mitsuru, Chairman of JAEC)
2. Self-introduction of Participants
3. Introduction of Guest Speakers and Moderators
4. Confirmation of Programme
Session 2: Keynote Speeches (70 minutes) *OPEN TO PRESS
Moderator: Dr. NAKANISHI M .Tomoko, Commissioner of JAEC
17:15 - 17:55 1)Key-note speech (-I)
  "Isotopes as tracers of climate change ~atmosphere-biosphere-ocean studies"

    Dr. Pavel Povinec, Professor of Physics, the Faculty of Mathematics,
    Physics and Informatics of the Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia
17:55 - 18:25 2)Key-note speech (-II)
  "Monitoring of environmental change due to nuclear techniques: development from radiometric analysis to mass spectrometry techniques"

    Dr. HIROSE Katsumi, Principal Researcher
    Laboratory for Environmental Research at Mount Fuji
   
Session 3: Aquatic Session (70 minutes)
Moderator: Dr. AOYAMA Michio, Visiting Professor, Faculty of Life and Environmental, Sciences, University of Tsukuba, and Visiting Professor of Fukushima University
18:25 - 18:55 Lead speech National perspective, Japan
"Accelerator mass spectrometry analyses of ultra-trace radionuclides in the environment-Application to the Geosciences study"
  
Dr. SAKAGUCHI Aya, Associate Professor, University of TSUKUBA
18:55 - 19:25 National perspective, 3 member countries (China, Indonesia, Philippines)
19:25 - 19:35 Q&A and discussion
   


Thursday, 4 March *JST
Session 4: Terrestrial Session (70 minutes)
Moderator: Dr. NAKANISHI M. Tomoko, Commissioner of JAEC
12:00 - 12:30 Lead speech, National perspective, Korea
"Surveillance of radioactivity in terrestrial materials and quality control of data"

    Dr. Sang- Han Lee, Principal Research Scientist, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS)
12:30 - 13:00 National perspective, 3 member countries (Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Thailand)
13:00 - 13:10 Q&A and discussion
Session 5: Food and agriculture Session (70 minutes)
Moderator: Prof. Hendrik HEIJNIS, Professor of ANU College of Asia and the Pacific at the Australian, National University, Leader of Environmental Research at the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO)
13:10 - 13:40 Lead speech, National perspective, Australia
"21st Century Nuclear Techniques and Research for Food Safety, Food provenance and Agriculture"

    Dr. Debashish MAZUMDER, Isotope Ecologist at the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO)
13:40 - 14:10 National perspective, 3 member countries (Bangladesh, Mongolia, Vietnam)
14:10 - 14:20 Q&A and discussion
Session 6: Closing (10minutes)
14:20 - 14:30 Closing Remarks (Mr. SANO Toshio Commissioner of JAEC)
   

 

Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA)
“FNCA 2021 Study Panel”
List of Participants

Participants from FNCA countries
Australia

Prof. Hendrik HEIJNIS
Leader Environmental Research
Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO)

Dr. Debashish MAZUMDER
Project Lead-Food Provenance
Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO)

Mr. Mark ALEXANDER
Manager, International Affairs
Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organisation (ANSTO)

Bangladesh

Dr. Mohammad Amirul ISLAM
Chief Scientific Officer
Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission

China

Mr. MEN Wu
Researcher
Third Institution of Oceanography
Ministry of Natural Resources

Mr. DAI Xiongxin
China Institute for Radiation Protection

Indonesia

Mr. Totti TJIPTOSUMIRAT
Deputy Chairman (Nuclear Technology Utilization)
National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN)

Dr. Ali Arman LUBIS
Senior Researcher
Center for Isotopes and Radiation Application
National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN)

Kazakhstan

Dr. Assan AIDARKHANOV
Director
Branch Institute of Radiation Safety and Ecology (RSE) of National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan

Mrs. Oxana LYAKHOVA
Head of Division for Environmental Monitoring System Development
Branch Institute of Radiation Safety and Ecology (RSE) of National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan

Ms. Almira AIDARKHANOVA
Head of Laboratory of Experimental Studies for Transfer Mechanisms
Branch Institute of Radiation Safety and Ecology (RSE) of National Nuclear Center of Republic of Kazakhstan

Malaysia

Mr. Md Suhaimi Bin ELIAS
Research Officer
Malaysian Nuclear Agency

Mr. Shyful Azizi Bin ABDUL RAHMAN
Research Officer
Malaysian Nuclear Agency

Mongolia

Mr. Mavag CHADRAABAL
Head of Nuclear Technology Policy Department
Executive Office of Nuclear Energy Commission of Mongolia

Ms. Byambadorj TUYATSETSEG
Head of Foreign Affairs Division
Executive Office of Nuclear Energy
Commission of Mongolia

Ms. Tukbyet-ollo MYERUYERT
Officer of Nuclear Technology Policy Department
Executive office of
Nuclear energy commission

Mr. Sh. BATBAATAR
Ministry of Environment and Travel

The Philippines

Dr. Lucille V. ABAD
Officer-in-Charge Deputy Director and FNCA National Coordinator (Philippines)
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (DOST-PNRI)

Dr. Angel T. BAUTISTA VII
Section Head of Nuclear Materials Research Section
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (DOST-PNRI)

Mr. Gerald P. DICEN
Science Research Specialist II
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (DOST-PNRI)

MA. Llorina R. MESTIZO
Science Research Specialist II
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (DOST-PNRI)

Mr. Christopher O. MENDOZA
Science Research Specialist II
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (DOST-PNRI)

Mr. Arvin M. JAGONOY
Science Research Specialist II
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (DOST-PNRI)

Mr. Efren J. Sta. MARIA
Senior Science Research Specialist
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (DOST-PNRI)

Ms. Mariel O. MONTANO
Science Research Assistant
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (DOST-PNRI)

Mr. Cris Reven GIBAGA
Science Research Specialist I
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (DOST-PNRI)

Mr. Reymar R. DIWA
Science Research Specialist I
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (DOST-PNRI)

Ms. Jennyvi D. RAMIREZ
Science Research Specialist
Philippine Nuclear Research Institute (DOST-PNRI)

Thailand

Dr. Sasiphan KHAWEERAT
Senior Nuclear Scientist
Nuclear Technology Research and Development Center
Thailand Institute of Nuclear Technology, Thailand (TINT)

Vietnam

Dr Tran Ngoc Toan
Vice President,
Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM)

Dr. TRAN Minh Quynh
Principal Researcher
Hanoi Irradiation Center
Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute (VINATOM)

■Guest Speakers from Overseas
Slovakia

Dr. Pavel POVINEC
Professor of Physics
The Faculty of Mathematics
Physics and Informatics of the Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia

Republic of Korea

Dr. Sang-Han LEE
Principal Research Scientist
Environmental Radioactivity Safety Team
Safety Measurement Institute
Korea Research Institute of Standard and Science (KRISS)

■Participants from Japan

Dr. UESAKA Mitsuru
Chairman,
Japan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC)

Mr. SANO Toshio
Commissioner,
Japan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC)

Dr. NAKANISHI M Tomoko
Commissioner,
Japan Atomic Energy Commission (JAEC)

Mr. CHIHARA Yoshiyuki
Deputy Director General for Science, Technology and Innovation,
Cabinet Office of Japan (CAO)

Mr. HOKUGO Taro
Director for Atomic Energy and International Affairs
Bureau of Science, Technology and Innovation
Cabinet Office of Japan (CAO)

Mr. WANI Hiroyuki
Official
Office of Atomic Energy Policy
Secretariat of the Atomic Energy Commission
Cabinet Office of Japan (CAO)

Mr. IWASAKA Katsuhiko
Senior Researcher
Office of Atomic Energy Policy
Secretariat of the Atomic Energy Commission
Cabinet Office, Government of Japan (CAO)

Ms. FUKANO Keiko
Senior Researcher
Office of Atomic Energy Policy
Secretariat of the Atomic Energy Commission
Cabinet Office, Government of Japan (CAO)

Dr. OKAMOTO Yoshiko
Deputy Director
International Nuclear Cooperation Division
Disarmament, Non-Proliferation and Science Department
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan

Mr. SUZUKI Tetsu
Deputy Director
Office for Fusion Energy
Environment and Energy Division and Policy Division
Research and Development Bureau
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)

Mr. YAMAMOTO Keishi
Researcher
International Nuclear and Fusion Energy Affairs Division
Research and Development Bureau
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)

Ms. TANAKA Fumiyo
Administrative Researcher
International Nuclear and Fusion Energy Affairs Division
Research and Development Bureau
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT)

Ms. HATA Yumiko
Director for International Issues / Waste Management of Fukushima Daiichi NPS
Nuclear Accident Response Office
Agency for Natural Resources and Energy
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)

Ms. HONZAWA Yuko
Assistant Director for Nuclear Accident Response Office
Nuclear Accident Response Office
Agency for Natural Resources and Energy
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)

Dr. HIROSE Katsumi
Principal Researcher
Laboratory for Environmental Research at Mount Fuji

Prof. AOYAMA Michio
Guest Professor
Center for Research in Isotopes and Environmental Dynamics
Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciences
University of Tsukuba,
Guest Professor
Institute of Environmental Radioactivity
Fukushima University

Dr. SAKAGUCHI Aya
Associate Professor
Department of Chemistry
Faculty of Pure and Applied Sciences
University of Tsukuba

Mr. WADA Tomoaki
FNCA Coordinator of Japan

Dr. NAMBA Hideki
FNCA Advisor of Japan

Dr. NAGAI Haruyasu
Division Head
Environmental and Radiation Sciences Division
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)

Dr. TOGAWA Orihiko
Nuclear Emergency Assistance and Training Center
Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA)




Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA)
“FNCA 2021 Study Panel”
Presentations

Session 2-1 Keynote Speech I 41.2MB
Session 2-2 Keynote Speech II 2.4MB
Session 3-1 Aquatic Session (Japan) 4.6MB
Session 3-2 Aquatic Session (China) 2.4MB
Session 3-3 Aquatic Session (Indonesia) 1.1MB
Session 3-4 Aquatic Session (Philippines) 4.8MB
Session 4-1 Terrestrial Session (Korea) 8.3MB
Session 4-2 Terrestrial Session (Kazakhstan) 1.9MB
Session 4-3 Terrestrial Session (Malaysia) 2.7MB
Session 4-4 Terrestrial Session (Thailand) 4.2MB
Session 5-1 Food and agriculture Session (Australia) 1.9MB
Session 5-2 Food and agriculture Session (Bangladesh) 775KB
Session 5-3 Food and agriculture Session (Mongolia) 2.8MB
Session 5-4 Food and agriculture Session (Vietnam) 2.8MB


Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia