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17th FNCA Meeting
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16th FNCA Meeting
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15th FNCA Meeting
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14th FNCA Meeting
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Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA)
11th Ministerial Level Meeting


November 18, 2010
Beijing, China

The 11th FNCA Ministerial Level Meeting (MM) was held at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing, China on November 18, 2010, and co-hosted by the China Atomic Energy Authority and the Japan Atomic Energy Commission of the Cabinet Office of Japan. The Meeting was attended by ministerial level representatives (2 ministers, 4 vice ministers, the Director of the Nuclear Administrative Agency, etc.) from 12 member countries: Australia, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam as well as new members Kazakhstan and Mongolia. The participants discussed international cooperation in the field of nuclear technology from a broad perspective. (Program) (List of participants)

In the opening session, Mr. Takashi WADA, Parliamentary Secretary of the Cabinet Office of Japan, who is a co-chairperson of the Meeting, made opening remarks. Kazakhstan and Mongolia were invited as new member countries and opinions were actively exchanged. The opinions presented by each participating country, results of the discussion and main points of the resolutions passed in this meeting are described below:

(1)  Opinions presented by each participating country and discussion results
Countries planning to construct nuclear power plants requested that other countries provide information concerning human resource development assistance and also the handling of operations and manufacturing technologies by local companies. In order to promote the commercial use of nuclear power plants, they also strongly urged China, Japan and Korea, which already own nuclear power plants, to share any knowledge gained through prior activities in promoting public understanding of nuclear energy. These three countries indicated the need to provide support for infrastructure development related to construction and also for human resource development.
Furthermore, the participating countries reviewed issues such as greater cooperation to promote radiation application, debated over ways to promote the commercial use of nuclear technology, and confirmed proposals for promoting nuclear power generation to the international community as a means of contributing to the establishment of a low-carbon society.
 
(2)  Main points of resolutions
-   For the peaceful application of nuclear energy, focus on infrastructure development including nuclear safety, nuclear security and nuclear non-proliferation/safeguards.
-   As a shared benefit to the Asia region, acknowledge the significance in reviewing the safety of newly introduced plants against world standards.
-   Promote the utilization and commercial application of nuclear technology developed by research institutions.
-   Inform the international community of the advantages of nuclear power generation with regards to the carbon credit mechanism, which contributes to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

The next MM is scheduled to be held next year in Japan.
A summary of the results of the meeting is outlined below.

1. Session 1: Opening Session

The session began with welcoming remarks from the host country delivered by Mr. CHEN Qiufa, Chairman of the China Atomic Energy Authority and one of the co-chairpersons of the meeting. In his speech, Mr. CHEN said that China has engaged in nuclear power development for many years and intends to become actively involved and cooperate with the FNCA, which serves as an important framework for the cooperation of nuclear energy and radiation application technology in the Asia region. Then Mr. Takashi WADA, Parliamentary Secretary of the Cabinet Office of Japan, made remarks as a co-chairperson and host. He expressed gratitude to China for co-hosting the meeting, and also welcomed Kazakhstan and Mongolia, new official member countries of the FNCA. Mr. Wada said that while the promotion of nuclear energy use is rapidly increasing in Asia, it is especially important for Japan, China and Korea to cooperate with regards to infrastructure development, and commented that Japan is willing to promote this. Representatives from Kazakhstan and Mongolia expressed their gratitude at being admitted as member nations, and described the current status of nuclear energy in their respective countries and their expectations regarding FNCA activities.
This was followed by an introduction of the delegation heads and a presentation by Mr. Naoki KAJITA, Deputy Director General for Science and Technology Policy of the Cabinet Office of Japan, who reported on the Senior Officials Meeting (SOM) held as a preliminary meeting to the MM on Wednesday 17th. The MM Agenda was also approved.


From the left: Mr. CHEN Qiufa, Chairman of the China Atomic Energy Authority of China and Mr. Takashi WADA, Parliamentary Secretary of the Cabinet Office of Japan

Mr. Naoki KAJITA, Deputy Director General for Science and Technology Policy of the Cabinet Office of Japan

2. Session 2: Reports by each country

Each participating nation delivered a report on their activities in relation to nuclear power generation and radiation application. Dr. Shunsuke KONDO, the Chairman of Japan Atomic Energy Commission, presented the report for Japan. Below is a summary of the reports made by each of the twelve participating countries.

(1)  Australia

Dr. Ron HUTCHINGS, Executive General Manager of the Australian Nuclear Science and Technology Organization
The Australian government maintains its position that it does not foresee the introduction of nuclear power in Australia. However, it accepts that nuclear power is an important part of the energy mix in some countries where energy demand is growing strongly but which lack the abundant and diverse energy resources available to Australia. It continues to support uranium mining, subject to rigorous environmental and safety considerations.
The Australian Government has a national strategy for reducing Australia's carbon pollution, the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (CPRS). A target has been set of lowering carbon emissions by 5% below 2000 levels, largely achievable through the development of renewable and low emissions coal technologies. By 2020, it is envisaged that the Government's Renewable Energy Target (RET) scheme will ensure that one-fifth of Australia's electricity will be generated by renewable sources such as wind, solar and geothermal power.
With regards to radiation application, the importance of research and development is much recognized, and a new budget was allocated last year for neutron research instruments at the OPAL reactor facility and construction of a Centre for Accelerator Science. As a result, a neutron beam expansion plan is currently underway at the OPAL Research Reactor. The construction of two new accelerators will be carried out over the next 4 years, in addition to the two accelerators currently in use at the Radiation Accelerator Science Center.
The Australian Government is actively involved in FNCA activities and is in charge of the Safety Management System (SMS). It held two workshops in 2010, one in Sydney in February, and the other in Indonesia in October. The Government has also participated in projects for Radiation Safety and Radioactive Waste Management, Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA) and Human Resources Development (HRD).

(2)  Bangladesh

Mr. Dilip Kumar BASAK, Additional Secretary of the Bangladesh Ministry of Science and Information & Communication Technology
The current government recognizes that the development of scientific technology is inevitable for eliminating poverty and promoting sustainable development, and has established a target to increase its electric-generating capacity to 20,000 MW by 2021. It therefore regards nuclear power generation as an unavoidable alternative. The Government is examining various issues as it prepares for the construction of a nuclear power plant. It has created the Cabinet Committee led by the Prime Minister to work on the Rooppur Nuclear Power Project and set up a Technical Committee comprised of related organizations and experts to review various issues in preparation for construction.
As for radiation application, the beam port facilities and the control console at the TRIGA Research Reactor are being improved, a 350 kilo Currie Cobalt 60 Source has been installed, and research facilities such as a new tandem accelerator are being expanded. Currently, nuclear medicine facilities are available at 14 centers throughout the country. By the end of 2011, a new PET Center will be built within the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC).
BAEC aims to play an important role as a nuclear power regulatory agency and acknowledges the importance of reinforcing the foundation for nuclear power regulations in order to succeed with introducing nuclear power generation. BAEC is currently preparing for the updated regulations of the "Bangladesh Atomic Power Regulatory Act 2010" with the cooperation of the IAEA.
Human Resources Development remains the most important issue in the introduction of nuclear power generation, and greater cooperation by FNCA member countries is required. The Government asks that the FNCA consider incorporating issues of HRD related to power generation into a program with the cooperation of universities and also that it prepare and support a roadmap for HRD that targets countries newly introducing nuclear power generation.

(3)  China

Mr. CHEN Qiufa, Chairman of the China Atomic Energy Authority
China has participated in FNCA projects covering 8 different areas, used a research reactor, conducted neutron activation analysis, held seminars on such subjects as breed improvement by the US, and achieved effective results by dispatching experts in 5 fields. China plans to continue active cooperation. While many FNCA participating countries are moving towards the introduction of nuclear power generation, China plans to expand its cooperation in this field based on accumulated technology, and suggests the following four points.

  Strengthening Cooperation in Nuclear R&Ds to Improve Capabilities in This Regard: Over the past 50 years, China has engaged in research development related to uranium mining, enrichment, fuel production, nuclear waste processing and disposal. In May and July 2010, the China Advance Research Reactor (CARR) and the China Experimental Fast Reactor (CEFR) both went critical for the first time. By utilizing these large scale facilities, the Forum wants to promote cooperation by China for the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
  Strengthening Cooperation in Nuclear Power Construction in Support of Nuclear Energy Development: Currently, 13 units of the 10 GWe power reactor are running, while 24 units of the 20 GWe reactor are under construction. Since China has a strong background in design, construction and operation, it wants to enhance support for nuclear power plant construction under the framework of the FNCA.
  Strengthening Cooperation in Nuclear Technology Application to Promote Social and Economic Development: China has been applying nuclear power technology in the industrial, agricultural, medical and environmental protection fields for a long time and has built a structure for nuclear power technology application, achieving significant economic results. The application of nuclear power technology brings remarkable socioeconomic benefits, and China wants to share this experience with other participating countries to advance medical, agricultural and radiation technology and application together.
  Strengthening Cooperation in Personnel Cultivation with an Aim to the Sustainable Development of Nuclear Energy: Cultivating professional human resources is the most fundamental and essential requirement for the development of nuclear energy. Against the rapid development of nuclear energy, resolving the shortage of human resources in the fields of reactor design, construction, operation, waste material processing and disposal is a common issue shared by participating nations. China wants to strengthen and share its experience in human resource development in order to fortify a strong foundation.

(4)  Indonesia

Prof. Syamsa ARDISASMITA, Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Research and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia
The Indonesian Government regards research and technology as important factors for national economic development and re-examined its 2010-2014 Mid-to-Long Term Development Plan in the middle of this year.
The Research and Technology Ministry is focused on 6 high-priority fields, and nuclear energy science technology is strongly involved in at least 3 such fields (i.e. Food, Energy Securities and Health).
Since the end of 2009, policies for nuclear power science technology have emphasized the introduction of past results to end users within the market. Many of them have succeeded. However, some results have not been utilized or mass-produced in some cases. This indicates that there is a need to create an innovative system that encourages close collaboration between results and end users. Continuing this activity with other participating countries could lead to the enhancement and improvement of economic development.
A study on the application of nuclear power science technology to electric power revealed that out of 3,000 people, around 58% agree to the introduction of nuclear power generation in Indonesia. The National Energy Council has, for the most part, agreed that massive nuclear power generation as a source for electricity is one of the main ways of generating power to support the National Energy Security due to start in 2020. Current and future construction and promotion of nuclear power plants in Indonesia is being carried out through media campaigns, activities involving industry-related people, and regional development. Indonesia is also planning to host the 3rd Study Panel on Infrastructure Approach of Nuclear Power Plants in 2011.
One of the applications in the energy field is the use of an isotope as a tracer, not only for geothermal prospecting, but also as a standard method for application testing. This technology has been used by many public and private corporations for a long time for enhanced oil recovery. In the field of mutation breeding, rice has been improved. Additionally, the Ministry of Agriculture released a superior soybean in July 2010.
In the field of radioisotopes and radiopharmacies for health, Ministry of Research and Technology and Ministry of Health and other stakeholders have established the midterm program on combating cancer. It should also be noted that, Indonesia, in cooperation with JAEA, has been successfully developed Tc-99m production using PZC (Poly Zirconium Compound) technique.
The Government is strengthening cooperation among universities, government and public/private corporations in order to improve quality of life by fully applying research results.
Human resources development remains a general issue for FNCA member nations and human resource development projects should be treated as the number one priority. While participation in projects through ANTEP (Asian Nuclear Training and Education Program) is encouraged, support should also be provided not merely by facilities required by other countries, but also by sharing expertise.
Indonesia looks forward to the 13th MM in 2012.

(5)  Japan

Dr. Shunsuke KONDO, Chairman of the Japan Atomic Energy Commission
Japan has been promoting the research, development and utilization of nuclear energy for the past fifty some years, limiting them to peaceful purposes. radiations and radioisotopes are extensively used in the various fields of science, medicine and industry in Japan today. As for nuclear power generation, 54 commercial nuclear power plants of which combined capacity is 48 GWe are in operation and supplying about 26 % of electricity and 10 percents of a primary energy in Japan. They are significantly contributing to the enhancement of Japan's energy security and playing an important role as a measure to combat global warming. Last year, Japan announced at the United Nations Summit on Climate Change that Japan aims to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 25% by 2020, if compared to the 1990 level, and nuclear power generation is expected to play a key role in achieving this goal. This June, the Japanese Government decided the New Growth Strategy. It outlined the Government's plans to promote innovations in and dissemination of such technologies as renewable energies, nuclear power and storage batteries, to take the lead in a transition to a low-carbon society. In order to contribute to the attainment of these goals, the Atomic Energy Commission is asking electric power companies, first of all, to improve the nation's average capacity factor of their plants that has been hovering around between 60% and 70% level in recent years due mainly to the effect of earthquake. At the same time the Commission is asking them to expand the nuclear power generating capacity also. Currently, two units are under construction and three more units are under licensing review. Electric power companies have announced that they will start the operation of another nine units within ten years or so. In parallel, they are promoting the construction of off-site interim storage facilities of used-fuel and the selection of a site for the geological disposal facility for high-level waste.
Japan is also promoting the research and development of fast reactors and related fuel cycles as a major long-term activity, aiming at its commercialization in 2050 or so. R&D of fusion energy and High Temperature Gas-cooled Reactor are also promoted steadily as long-term activities.
The promotion of the utilization of radiation also plays important roles in both green innovation and life innovation, because radiation technology is used to produce materials important to green innovation, such as functional materials for high performance batteries, new plants that can absorb a larger amount of carbon dioxide than the existing ones, carbon neutral plastic and so on, on the one hand, and to make a diagnosis of diseases and cure cancers in the medical field, on the other. In order to explore wider and deeper application of radiation, the AEC has proposed to construct and operate various radiation facilities for diverse users.
A growing number of countries have expressed interests in nuclear power programs as a means to addressing climate change and energy security concerns. Needless to say, any country that utilizes nuclear energy should pursue continuous improvement in all areas related to nuclear safety, security and nonproliferation, adhering to relevant international standards including the standards, recommendations and codes of conducts developed by the IAEA, and nurturing not only safety culture but also nuclear security culture and nonproliferation culture in the organizations that are in charge of nuclear activities.
An organization tentatively called Japan Nuclear Human Resource Development Network will be established soon as one-stop window for foreign applicants who want to take nuclear training programs conducted in Japan. In this connection, at the Nuclear Security Summit held in Washington D.C. this April, Japan committed to the establishment of an Integrated Support Center for Nuclear Non-proliferation and Nuclear Security to share Japan's experience in peaceful and secure use of nuclear energy with countries that are preparing for the introduction of nuclear energy. It is planned that this center will offer training courses on (1) nuclear security, (2) the IAEA safeguards and the state system of accounting for and control of nuclear material (SSAC) and (3) international nuclear nonproliferation framework. As a kick off activity of this Center, a nuclear security training course will be held in cooperating with the IAEA this month. Participation from FNCA countries will be highly appreciated.

(6)  Kazakhstan

Dr. Erlan G. BATYRBEKO, First Deputy Director General of National Nuclear Center of Kazakhstan
Since declaring the closure of the Semipalatinsk Atomic Test Site in 1991, Kazakhstan has been consistent in only applying nuclear energy for peaceful purposes.
We have four institutions under management of Ministry of Industry and New Technology, involved in realization of peaceful using of nuclear power program. There are Atomic Energy Committee (safety, nuclear non-proliferation), National Nuclear Center (R&D, education), KAZATOMPROM (uranium exploration, mining, fuel production) and JSC "Park of Nuclear Technologies" (commercial technology development).
Kazakhstan retains a 15% uranium resource reserve and produces about 28% of the world's uranium. Based on this, the country has been building a fuel cycle ranging from uranium mining and nuclear fuel production to applications for electric generation.
In nuclear power generation, the first light-water reactors will be built by 2020 at five sites (Aktau, Kostanai, Kurchatov, Balkhash, and Taraz).
In nuclear science and technologies, we have 3 nuclear research reactors and a research facility for heavy ion accelerators, and are engaged in various research and development activities. Construction of Kazakhstan material testing tokomak KTM for material testing is currently underway and will be completed in 2011.
In terms of radiation environment conservation, the main problem is the elimination of nuclear tests consequences on the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site. Currently, most of the atomic test facility removal is complete, up to 90% of STS lands has to be transferred to the Economics activity during next 9 years.
Concerning nuclear non-proliferation management, activities such as monitoring atomic testing through seismic wave observation are carried out under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.

(7)  Korea

Dr. Nampyo HONG, Director General of Atomic Energy Bureau, Ministry of Education, Science and Technology
The Republic of Korea is participating in bilateral and multilateral cooperation in order to meet the demand for nuclear infrastructure development of the new comers.
Currently, we are providing training programs for nuclear R&D, safety regulation and human resource development in UAE and Jordan.
And, we are also supporting the new comers for professional education system by providing diverse and specialized courses at various institutes including INTEC of KAERI and INSS of KINS.
Regarding multilateral cooperation, the Republic of Korea decided to significantly increase its contribution to the IAEA Extra Budgetary Program for nuclear network infrastructure development and we hosted the second FNCA Study Panel Meeting for nuclear infrastructure development.
In addition, the Republic of Korea developed the Integrated Regulatory Infrastructure Supporting System which supports regulatory standards, safety reviews, inspections, professional training and capacity building of new comers. This system will be provided to those countries in need.
In the area of radiation application, FNCA has contributed to the active regional cooperation in the field of cancer treatment and use of radiation in medicine such as cyclotron, PET and radiation oncology. In this regard, it is significant to discuss the "further promotion of radiation and isotope application in FNCA countries" and FNCA will contribute to the enhancement of quality of life in Asia through improvement of radiation technology. The Republic of Korea has cooperated with Vietnam and Mongolia in this field and plans to participate in radiation technology cooperation with FNCA member states.

(8)  Malaysia

Dr. Maximus Johnity ONGKILI, Cabinet Minister of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, Malaysia
National electric demand in Malaysia is expected to reach approximately 121,000 GWh by 2015 and approximately 211,000 GWh by 2030. The existing fuel source, gas and coal are not secured. While the local source for gas is depleting, coal is fully imported. Hydro power is limited. As for solar, it is not suitable for base-load application.
To further enhance the energy security initiative in Malaysia, a New National Energy Policy was incorporated as part of the 10th Malaysia Plan launched and tabled in the Parliament in June 2010.
The National Nuclear Policy was approved in July 2010 by the Cabinet. This Policy will guide the development of peaceful, safe and secure use of nuclear power and nuclear technology. For power application, emphasis was given to the state of readiness in utilizing nuclear energy as one of the fuel options for electricity generation post-2020.
Central to the non-energy application is the innovative use of nuclear and radiation technology for industrial, healthcare, agriculture, resource management and environmental protection. Initiatives in R&D and innovation will be further expanded to produce beneficial outputs that can help promote further economic growth, improve the quality of life, address food and water security, thus helping the country sustain its development.
Malaysia believes that nuclear energy technology will play a significant role in the advancement of the country.
The nuclear power development is indicated as one of the 131 Entry Point Projects (EPP) under the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP) launched on 25 October 2010.
To achieve the above milestones, Malaysia is developing a national Nuclear Power Infrastructure Development Plan (NPIDP) that will be completed by 2011. A comprehensive review of the Development Plan will be conducted by engaging experts from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and other appropriate bilateral, regional and multilateral cooperative agreements, including FNCA.
A rather urgent and important for the Government of Malaysia right now is to ensure public acceptance of nuclear energy. Malaysia will continue holding the 4th Seminar on Public Information on Nuclear Energy (PINE) at the end of 2010 in the southern city of Johor.
Malaysia has also benefited significantly from projects under the FNCA multi-lateral framework, such as reactor utilization and technology, mutation breeding, cyclotron and PET-CT, oncology, radiation processing, human capital development, and public information program and safety management.
Malaysia proposes that the following initiatives be considered for future activities of the FNCA, namely:

  Business Forum: to be held in parallel during the 12th Ministerial Meeting in Tokyo next year.
  Public Information Programme: by organizing visits by politicians, community leaders and other key stakeholders to the Nuclear Power Plant and nuclear waste management site.
  Cooperation: Malaysia will continue regional (ASEAN+3) discussion on the possibility of multilateral approach on nuclear fuel cycle and nuclear waste management, support the global HRD initiative development, especially the International Train-the Trainers Programme (ITP) coordinated by MEXT/JAEA/NuHRDEC, share R&D and training facilities, and enhance cooperation in R&D.
  Establishment of a regional project to study the socio-economic impact of nuclear technology in parallel with the development of the NPP.

(9)  Mongolia

Dr. Sodnom ENKHBAT, Director General of the Nuclear Energy Agency of the Government of Mongolia
The Government of Mongolia has been developing legislation for the peaceful application of nuclear energy. The Nuclear Energy Law was enforced in August 2009, the purpose of this law is to pursue the exploration of radioactive material resources in order to become one of the leading countries on exploitation, processing and exporting for peaceful uses namely nuclear power development. In January 2009, the Government the Government of Mongolia established the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) under the competence of the Prime Minister to serve as the Governmental Regulatory Agency. Mongolia is rich in uranium deposits with a high potential for economic production which the country is committed to pursue. National Authorities considering that nuclear energy development is one of the potential solutions to volatility of the oil price and for meeting the growing domestic demand of energy. Consequently, the Parliament of Mongolia has approved the "State Policy of Mongolia on Exploitation of Radioactive Minerals and Nuclear Energy". The policy is aimed at wide co-operation with foreign companies in exploration, mining and trading of uranium. In a view of the growing demand for uranium in the international market, the Government of Mongolia will pursue a complex policy aimed to study its radioactive minerals resources and its exploitation, processing and exporting for peaceful purposes under the "Comprehensive National Development Policy based on the Millennium Development Goals".
In Mongolia, we use various nuclear applications in production, process control, non-destructive testing, resource prospecting, etc., and which have yielded remarkable social and economic benefits. In agriculture, nuclear technology plays a positive role in irradiation breeding, soil improvement, and increasing re-productivity of livestock. Radiotherapy and nuclear medicine, other important fields of nuclear technology application, has taken a great step forward to combat the growing epidemic of cancer. Nuclear technology also demonstrates the increasing importance of environmental protection and water management.
As for international cooperation, the Government of Mongolia has signed intergovernmental agreements with Russian Federation and France, as well as Memorandum of Understanding with Russian Federation (State Atomic Energy Corporation "ROSATOM"), Japan (Agency for Natural Resources and Energy of the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry of Japan), India, France (Areva Group, a Company of the French Republic), China (China National Nuclear Corporation), and United States of America.
Mongolia announces its participation in FNCA activities in the following five fields.

  In the field of industrial and environmental use: project on mutation breeding, biofertilizer and electron accelerator project.
  In the field of Better Human Health: project on radiation oncology. Since this year, Mongolia has joined in the IAEA/WHO PACT program (Program of Action for Cancer Therapy).
  In the field of strengthening of Nuclear safety: project on radiation safety and radioactive waste management.
  In the field of Nuclear infrastructure strengthening: Project on Human resource development and public information.
  New program "Global nuclear HRD Initiative" which is launching by the MEXT of Japan. We believe that this project will provide excellent contribution to support member countries to introduce the first power plant in development of infrastructure through Study Panel and HRD project.

Mongolia hopes the HRD Database for nuclear power applications and ANTEP (Asia Nuclear Training and Education Program) are the efficient and effective way to aquare with FNCA programs and their activities.

(10)  The Philippines

Mr. Mario G MONTEJO, Secretary (Minister) of Department of Sciernce and Technology, the Philippine
The Philippine Government has established the National Innovation Strategy called "Filipinnovation" to introduce a mindset of innovation in cooperation with the stakeholders from business, academe, government and the science and technology sector. Under this strategy, the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) has been working on comprehensive measures including financial assistance and technology transfer promotion to move towards commercialization of scientific and technological achievements by research institutions and universities. These measures have produced successful results. Results have also been seen in the nuclear technology field, and the Government hopes that the cooperation of the FNCA will contribute to commercialization of the results brought by nuclear technology research in the Asia region.
The Philippines was privileged to host last week the FNCA Workshops of the Mutation Breeding and Biofertilizer Projects and the FNCA Meeting on Technology Transfer from Research to Commercial Application of Beneficial Nuclear Technology. We believe that the results of the Meeting open the way for similar or follow-through meetings and activities in the future.
The Philippines is seriously considering the inclusion of nuclear power as part of the Philippine energy mix. Toward this end, our Department of Energy (DOE) has requested the 15th Philippine Congress funding for the conduct of a feasibility study on the viability of having a national nuclear power program. The Department of Energy and the Department of Science and Technology issued in 2009 a Joint Department Order establishing the Nuclear Energy Core Group to study nuclear energy as a long term option. Within the framework of the Order, the Core Group has been working on the following priority areas: a) legislative and regulatory framework, b) human resources development, c) public information and communication, d) siting, and e) BNPP-related issues.
Through the Philippine Nuclear Research Institute, the Department of Science and Technology (DOST) is following through the 15th Congress the passage of the draft legislation for the establishment of an independent nuclear regulatory body. The Philippine Senate ratified the Additional Protocol in February 2010 thus affirming Philippine commitment to nuclear non-proliferation. The DOST is working hand in hand with the Department of Foreign Affairs and the Office of the President for the ratification of the following conventions: Convention on Nuclear Safety, and the Joint Convention on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management.
Towards the development of human resource to support a nuclear power program, the Nuclear Training Center of PNRI has conducted basic training modules on nuclear engineering and nuclear power for scientists and engineers of the Institute, the National Power Corporation, the DOE and the University of the Philippines and augmenting these courses with those offered by the IAEA, the Republic of Korea and Japan . With regards to human resource development, it should be mentioned that they have been able to receive the cooperation of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency.
Engaging the public on the discourse of nuclear power to enable the public to arrive at an informed decision on nuclear power is an important activity of the Core Group. The Philippines participates actively in the FNCA Project on Public Information. In 2009, the Philippines hosted the Project Leaders Meeting in December 2009, during the national celebration of Atomic Energy Week (AEW). As part of the FNCA meeting, the PNRI conducted a seminar on nuclear power with 100 participants from academe, media, government, NGOs and the FNCA delegates. The Core Group is developing a communication plan for nuclear power with various stakeholders as targets of public information.
The FNCA is a strong and effective mechanism for regional cooperation in the Asia and thus enhancement of FNCA activities is anticipated.

(11)  Thailand

Mr. Gongsak YODMANI, Advisor to the Minister of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Thailand
Thailand has long enjoyed the close cooperation with the FNCA in the area of nuclear applications. Through the FNCA projects, Thailand has progressed in delivering capacity building for our personnel and improving our technological expertise in various aspects.
In the past year, Thailand has been not only actively participating in all FNCA activities, but also contributing to the FNCA by hosting FNCA activities, including Workshop on Biofertilizer Project.
Currently, Thailand has succeeded in learning and applying Safety Analysis Techniques which are COOLOD-N2 and EUREKA2/RR for safe and stable operation of our research reactor to optimize the utilization and economy concerned. The knowledge gained through this project has been transferred to the reactor operation staff and will be included in the reactor operation training and re-training courses.
The successful of biofertilizer project in Thailand leads to the new era of biofertilizer, which stimulates the extension use of biofertilizers in the environmental-friendly agriculture not only in Thailand but also throughout Asia.
Thailand has been undertaking several public information activities in order to disseminate the knowledge and correct understanding on "Atomic Energy", we are glad to report that private sectors also support and participate in Public Information activities.
Under the FNCA framework on Nuclear Safety Culture, Thailand gained good practice through peer review and information exchange from other member countries.
Several Human Resources Development activities in nuclear field have been conducted during the past year. The survey of HRD needs for possible matching program has been undertaken to compile needs for HRD in nuclear technology all over nation and the priority has been set.
On Thailand's nuclear power development plan, Thailand has moved ahead towards implementing the National Power Development Plan (PDP 2010), which includes 5,000 mega watt of nuclear power, and the Nuclear Power Infrastructure Establishment Plan (NPIEP). The FNCA for initiating the Study Panel on Nuclear Energy which greatly helps stimulate the information exchange and expertise transfer among the member countries for the introduction of nuclear power program development in the region. Thailand is expected to finalized the self-evaluation report by assistance from the IAEA at the end of this year and submit it to the National Energy Policy Council (NEPC) and the Cabinet in early 2011 to consider whether Thailand will embark on nuclear power development project.

(12)  Vietnam

Dr. LE Dinh Tien, Deputy Minister of the Ministry of Science and Technology, Vietnam
Deeply recognizing the importance of nuclear energy application in national socio-economic development and pursuing consistent policies for peaceful use of nuclear science and technology in both nuclear power and non-power for the benefits of mankind, for further promoting the application of nuclear energy, on June 24th 2010, The Government of Vietnam approved "the Master Plan for Development of Peaceful Utilization of Atomic Energy up to the year 2020", clearly identifying all areas of priorities in the field of nuclear energy applications, provides more specific, suitable steps for ensuring sustainable atomic energy development.
Regarding the nuclear power programme, as you are aware, the preparation to introduce nuclear power into Vietnam has been undertaken for longtime. Last year, on the 25th November 2009, the resolution on investment policy for the first nuclear power project was made by the National Assembly of Vietnam. To ensure the successful implementation of the national nuclear power program, In May 2010, the National Steering Committee as NEPIO for Ninh Thuan Nuclear Power Plant was established. On the June 17, 2010; the "Oriental Plan on Nuclear Power Development up to 2030" was approved by the Prime Minister, clearly defining the target to put into operation in 2020 the 1st NPP Unit with capacity 1000MW, 8000 MW by 2025; and 15-16000 MW by 2030. The Oriental Plan also identifies 8 sites for NPP located in 5 provinces in the Central Part of Vietnam, for implementing the 1st and 2nd phases of construction planning with cooperation from Russia and Japan.
Regarding the applications of radiation and radioisotopes, one important area in our the Long-term Strategy for Peaceful Utilization of Nuclear Energy, I am pleased to mention the recent approvals of: the "Master Plan on Application Development of Ionizing Radiation in Agriculture up to 2020"; the "Master Plan on Development of National Network of Radiation Monitoring up to 2020". Other master plans for the applications of nuclear energy in healthcare, in industry, in national resources and environment managements are being under consideration for the approval by the Prime Minister by the end of this year. To promote the application of radiation and radioisotopes a number of projects have been invested since last years such as: Projects on irradiation facilities using Co-60 source and EB accelerator; Project on the Center for High-tech nuclear technology applications in Dalat; Project on Cyclotron Center for medical, technical and economic business; Projects on PET/Cyclotron at hospitals.
Concerning the development of technical infrastructure and enhancing managerial capabilities, a master plan on the enhancement of capability in research, development and technical support, including the investment for upgrading Vietnam Atomic Energy Institute have been submitted to the Government for the consideration and are expected to be approved by the end of this year. Besides, a Master Plan on enhancing state management system in nuclear energy field and ensuring safety and security will be approved in this year.
Recognizing the extremely importance role of human being in all development activities, the government of Vietnam has paid special attention to the human resources development issue. On August 18, 2010, the "Human Resources Development Program" was approved by the Prime Minister with the targets to strengthen the education policies, education infrastructure, and enrolment of 250 students/year by the year 2015 and to meet the demand for manpower of NPP projects, of state management organizations and of R&D institutes by the year 2020. For that purpose, 6 institutions have been assigned to involve in the education and training in the nuclear field and remarkable financial resource has been decided to fund HRD activities.
Viet Nam notes that the projects and activities under the FNCA framework, together with IAEA and RCA technical cooperation programme, have been being integrated into Viet Nam's programme on research, development and application of nuclear science and technology, bringing significant contribution to the implementation of nuclear development and application programme. Vietnamese delegation highly appreciates the progress of FNCA projects and activities, strongly supports the future plan of FNCA projects aiming at enhancing cooperation on promotion of nuclear power and further utilization of the radiation application.

3. Session 3: Report of the FNCA activities

The following two reports were made on FNCA activities during fiscal 2010.

(1)  Reports and annual plans for project activities
Dr. Sueo MACHI, FNCA Coordinator of Japan, made suggestions on the activities and Annual Plan for FNCA Projects for the current fiscal year. The recent status of activities was reported for the following fields: agriculture and industry, healthcare, research reactors utilization, radioactive waste management, public information, nuclear safety culture and human resources development. The fiscal 2010 Annul Plan and fiscal 2011 Meeting Plan for FNCA activities were approved unanimously.
 
(2)  Study Panel on the Approaches toward Infrastructure Development for Nuclear Power
Dr. Akira OMOTO, Commissioner of the Japan Atomic Energy Commission made a report on the results of the 1st and the 2nd meetings of the "Study Panel on Approaches Towards Infrastructure Development for Nuclear Power" held in July in the previous fiscal year and July in the current fiscal year. Based on the results of the discussion in the 1st Meeting, the agenda for the 2nd Meeting was narrowed down to 4 items: Project Management, Local Procurement and Local Vendors, Role of Nuclear Research Institute, and Fuel Cycle and Waste. As a result, the lessons learned by countries that adopted nuclear energy based on their actual experiences were shared among the member countries, and future issues were also identified. Based on these results, the 3rd Meeting for the Study Panel was scheduled.
 
Dr. Sueo MACHI, FNCA Coordinator of Japan Dr. Akira OMOTO, Commissioner of
the Japan Atomic Energy Commission

4. Session 4: The 1st Round Table Discussion on the Cooperation for Further Promotion of Nuclear Energy Use in FNCA Countries

Dr. Akira OMOTO and Mr. FENG Yi, Deputy Secretary General, China Nuclear Energy Association (CNEA) each delivered a speech and the following focal issues were suggested.

(1)  Dr. Akira OMOTO, Commissioner of the Japan Atomic Energy Commission
  Effective cooperation for building sound infrastructure:
To operate nuclear power in safe, secure, safeguarded and sustainable manner, among others, it is most effective for FNCA members to share experiences and lessons learned from countries operating nuclear power on such topics as; Technology transfer, localization of nuclear industry, human resources development, project management, fuel supply and waste management, and nuclear safety culture, etc.
  How to assure safety, security, and proliferation-resistance?:
Sharing experiences/LL and design methodology and dialog on how to make the designs robust to natural hazards
  How to increase leverage for low-carbon economy by the use of nuclear power?:
Lifting of nuclear exclusion from CDM/JI, efficiency improvement of coal-fired plants, etc.
  How to increase unique added value by regional cooperation?:
Sharing resources such as research reactor utilization, assurance of stable supply of fuel, communication among regulators on safety standards, etc.
 
(2)  Mr. FENG Yi, Deputy Secretary General, China Nuclear Energy Association (CNEA)
  Scientific resource allocation and practical planning: Nuclear power generation requires large amounts of funding and time. Thus the supply and demand of energy should be fully taken into consideration, and the proper and practical distribution of resource comparable with economic development necessary.
  Promoting cooperation in the fields of mutual benefit and interest: Each participating country has unique characteristics. Some may have extensive experience in nuclear energy use, while others may have rich resources or have achieved many successful results in research and development. It is important for member countries to support each other using their own advantages. In particular, China has extensive experience in the production of reactor fuel.
  Well-balanced development and continuous advancement: Continuous advancement should be made by maintaining a good balance between the positive benefits and negative effects of nuclear power generation, such as waste material management and conservation of the environment. China has extensive experience and would like to share this with other countries.
  Manpower development and multifaceted preparation: Nuclear energy is a technology-concentrated industry and highly professional human resource utilization is essential. Thus, a large number of skilled professionals have been developed in China by adopting multifaceted methods such as university education and on-the-job training.

As a result of the discussion, the suggestions by Dr. OMOTO will be reviewed by the next Study Panel on Infrastructure Development along with the focal issues that arose from this meeting, such as site location, permission and authorization, CDM handling, localization and safety/security/nuclear non-proliferation.
 

Mr. FENG Yi, Deputy Secretary General, China Nuclear Energy Association (CNEA)

5. Session 5: The 2nd Roundtable Discussion on the cooperation for further promotion of radiation and isotope application in FNCA countries

Two lead speeches were delivered by Dr. Sueo MACHI, the FNCA coordinator of Japan, and Dr. Muhd Noor MUHD YUNUS, the Deputy Director General of the Malaysian Nuclear Agency, and the following issues were proposed:

(1)  Dr. Sueo MACHI, FNCA coordinator of Japan
  Six FNCA Projects for Radiation Applications: Promote 2 projects on agriculture (mutation breeding and bio-fertilizer), 2 projects on healthcare (radiation therapy and diagnosis), 1 project on industry (radiation processing of natural polymers), and 1 project on the environment protection (Monitoring marine contamination). Consider requirements for the structure of projects.
  Socio-economic impact: Strengthening linkage with end-users, sharing of experience and expertise
  Roles of Regional Cooperation (FNCA) for Promotion of Commercial Applications: Sharing experience and knowledge, cooperative research, human resources development and sharing advanced facilities
  Following up recommendation of the10th MM: Regional network for research reactor utilization and production/supply of isotopes, enhancement of technology transfer from research to commercial application
 
(2)  Dr. Muhd Noor MUHD YUNUS, Deputy Director General, Malaysian Nuclear Agency
  Synergy of Radiation Technology and Nuclear Power Technology as one of the means to meet National Infrastructure Needs Prior To NPP Deployment as
  Direct Benefit from Utilizing Radiation Technology: The Case of Research Reactor
  Commercialization of Radiation Technology Case Study: Challenges and Strategies Required
  Radiation Technology Touching Social and Health Needs.

Based on the above summaries, discussions were held on sharing information of successful cases for radiation technology application, supporting measures for commercialization, utilization of research reactors in human resources development, and promoting a research reactor and RI supply network. At the Meeting, it was also decided to apply any suggestions on future FNCA activities.
 

Dr. Muhd Noor MUHD YUNUS, Deputy Director General, Malaysian Nuclear Agency

6. Session 6: Discussion on the Resolution and Summary of the 11th FNCA MM

Dr. Shunsuke KONDO described the Resolution arising from the 11th FNCA MM and also a summary of the Meeting, and then, the details were discussed by member countries. Members discussed and made suggestions focusing on the writing style of the Resolution rather than modifying its basic content. The Resolution and the summary of the Meeting were both adopted after incorporating these suggestions.

7. Session 7: Closing Session

Dr. Shunsuke KONDO of Japan confirmed the 6 resolutions adopted in Session 6 and the summary of the 11th FNCA MM. Dr. KONDO also made an announcement about the next FNCA MM to be held in Tokyo in 2011 and urged member countries to actively participate.
The Closing Remark was then delivered by Mr. LIU Yongde, Director of the China Atomic Energy Authority.


Mr. LIU Yongde, Director of the China Atomic Energy Authority



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