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FNCA Coordinators


The Introduction of the Coordinators

FNCA Coordinators Meeting



RECORD-Attachment 1
-Action Plan-

Seven Fields
1. Utilization of Research Reactor
a. The Small Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) project was supported to study thermoplastic elastomers derived from natural rubber and one or two other polymers in connection with properties starting in 2001. The next meeting of the project leaders will be held in 2004.
b. The Nuclear Activation Analysis (NAA) project proposal should be reviewed to be more complementary with the RCA environmental project by accommodating RCA results as much as possible. The NAA project should focus on (a) establishment of Ko method as a useful analytical tool for a large number of environmental samples and (b) strengthening the linkages with the national authorities for environmental policy, and (c) encouraging installation of a suitable number of monitoring stations for application of Ko method in the future.
c. The Tc-99m generator project proposal was supported by most of the FNCA countries including China, Indonesia, ROK, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam.
d. Some countries expressed reservation on the Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) proposal by China because the technology has not been proven as an effective method for treatment of brain cancer and skin cancer. The FNCA may be able to hold one small workshop to collect most up-dated information on BNCT involving appropriate experts. The FNCA participants should be limited only from countries which have reactors which can be used for BNCT now or in near future.
2. Application of Radioisotopes and Radiation for Agriculture
a. Mutation breeding of rice and sorghum is strongly supported as priority items for future activities, noting the program on rice will complement with RCA project. Technical details including project formulation should be discussed at the next workshop.
b. Most countries support the biofertilizer project provided that it should be complementary with the RCA Project on biofertilizer terminated in 1995. In this regard emphasis will be on the selection of appropriate Rhizobium spp focusing on extensive use of biofertilizer not only for grain legumes but also for forage legumes, rice plant, cover crop for plantation, etc., recognizing its environmental and economic benefits, nuclear techniques should be the key technical component. According to the IAEA report, Thailand is only country using the biofertilizer extensively among the FNCA countries. At the first project meeting, the current status of application of biofertilizer should be reported by participating countries for further discussion and project scoping.
3. Application of Radioisotopes and Radiation for Medical Use
a. The project on radiation therapy of uterine cancer should be continued as proposed and further disseminate the present protocol.
b. Radioimmunodetection and therapy projects were proposed by China and the Philippines. For the next workshop all nuclear medicine practices for liver and breast cancer treatment and diagnosis should be discussed.
4. Public Information of Nuclear Energy
a. The FNCA countries are encouraged to share their strategy of national public information program together with suggestions of how they will measure success. The Project Leader Meeting should define specific program to be supported by the FNCA to meet with their specific national needs.
b. It was also suggested that Project Leader Meeting should have one or two specific topics to be discussed, for example, training in methodology to survey public opinion for public information officers in requested countries.
c. It is also necessary to identify factors that affect the effectiveness of nuclear-related public information in different culture contexts.
5. Radioactive Waste Management
a. The project proposal on enhancement of safer management of spent radiation sources is supported, noting there should be close communication with RCA and other IAEA activities. The Philippines and Thailand will be voluntary countries.
b. The proposal for a consolidated report on radioactive waste management is also supported.
6. Nuclear Safety Culture
a. This project is strongly supported and continued with an active participation of all the FNCA countries.
b. The meeting encouraged the Coordinators to urge their national authorities (a) to sign or ratify “Nuclear Safety Convention” and (b) to give strong support to the national plan on safety culture practices.
7. Human Resources Development
a. Comments were made to focus the activities on the human resources development strategy for enhancement of nuclear safety in particular radiation safety and waste management safety.
b. Many interventions were made on the proposal of Asian Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology (AINST) proposed by Indonesia. However, a feasibility study on this concept was generally supported to define several possible options including utilization of existing centers of excellence.
Utilization of Research Reactor at BATAN, in Indonesia   Mutation Breeding of Rice on Application of Radioisotopes and Rasiation for Agriculture in Vietnam
Radiation Therapy at the National Institute of Radiological Science in Japan (include therapy of cervical Cancer)   Discussion with Mass Media include Mr. Lee, the former Science Editor of Dong-A Daily Newspaper at Public Information Workshop in Korea
New Activities
1. Nuclear Energy and Sustainable Development

This project is proposed by Indonesia and supported by several countries including the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam. Importance of this project is well recognized by the meeting. However, the specific activities of the proposal should be more clearly defined including work plan to be complementary with extensive IAEA activities on comparative study of nuclear power. Indonesia will elaborate with an additional paper to specify activities and work plan as soon as possible, to be circulated to the FNCA countries. This proposal, then will further be discussed at the Second FNCA Meeting.
2. Utilization of Electron Beam Machine

This project proposed from Japan and Vietnam is supported by most of FNCA countries. Vietnam is not in a position to install accelerator due to funding difficulty. Workshop for demonstration technology can be held in Japan using existing facility. A suggestion was made that the EB system in Japan could be made available as a demonstration plant in FNCA countries on loan basis. It is also proposed to design and assemble a low cost EB system from component parts in FNCA countries to minimize cost using their expertise among the FNCA countries.
3. Nuclear Technique and Sustainable Development of Environment

This project proposal by China covers broad activities. However, China proposed that this project could be performed through the development and utilization of new biofertilizer, like that proposed by Japan and Vietnam, which contributes to protection of soil degradation.

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